You are watching: Why is there an attraction between the two ions in this chemical bond?
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ionic bond, likewise called electrovalent bond, type of linkage developed from the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond creates when the valence (outermost) electrons of one atom are transferred permanently to one more atom. The atom that loses the electrons becomes a positively fee ion (cation), while the one the gains them i do not care a negatively fee ion (anion). A short treatment the ionic bonds follows. For complete treatment, see chemistry bonding: The formation of ionic bonds.
Ionic bonding outcomes in compounds well-known as ionic, or electrovalent, compounds, i m sorry are ideal exemplified by the compounds formed between nonmetals and also the alkali and alkaline-earth metals. In ionic crystalline solids the this kind, the electrostatic pressures of attraction between opposite charges and also repulsion between comparable charges orient the ion in such a manner the every confident ion becomes surrounding by negative ions and also vice versa. In short, the ions space so arranged that the optimistic and negative charges alternate and balance one another, the as whole charge that the whole substance gift zero. The size of the electrostatic pressures in ionic crystals is considerable. Accordingly, this substances have tendency to be hard and nonvolatile.
Sodium chloride exhibits ionic bonding. The salt atom has a single electron in its outermost shell, if chlorine needs...
An ionic shortcut is in reality the extreme instance of a polar covalent bond, the last resulting from unequal sharing of electrons rather than finish electron transfer. Ionic bond typically type when the difference in the electronegativities the the two atoms is great, if covalent bonds type when the electronegativities space similar. Compare covalent bond.
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