Male dogs deserve to start to have actually sperm at seven months old, yet ten month is more common. Young dogs execute not have actually quality sperm. Nearly all dogs will have sperm through one year.

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Stud dogs are at your prime between 18 months and 4 years old (or 5), after that, the quality of the sperm starts come lessen, and the ability to pass through eggs, lessens. By 10 year old, many stud dogs do not create sperm that will impregnate a bitch.

A tie is a organic phenomenon of dog breeding in i m sorry the bulbus glandis of the male"s dick swells within the bitch"s vagina. The dogs space virtually locked together for 15-20 minutes (two come 30 minutes is likewise normal), during which time ejaculation has taken place. The sperm is released at the start of the tie, throughout the happy feet dance (see below). Throughout the tie, he is release prostatic fluid.


As shortly as the dog lock the male generally moves his leg over she back, turns butt come butt and also they stay locked. Tied.


Tie close-up

Getting stuck with each other is normal. Do NOT ice cream them to get them apart. The masculine is claimed to puffy up and also get stuck inside the female for two to 30 minutes. Currently if you feeling the sire and also dam in this area you will certainly feel pulsating. Once you hear who say they gained a 13-minute tie, this means they to be locked with each other for 13 minutes.

Picture that a male prick with a swelled bulbus glands


It is advised that you give close supervision and also keep lock calm. You carry out not want a bigger female gaining scared and panicky come swing the male about by his penis, together it will gain bruised and also may do a repeat breeding failure. Carry out NOT effort to separate. Instead, acquire ON THE FLOOR and also keep castle calm. You carry out not want the female to panic and also start squirming. If she is larger than the masculine she can really hurt the male. He is helpless and will generally stand perfectly still, waiting. The male usually stands calmly; make sure the female does the same. Some females cry in what looks favor pain, part desperately desire to get free, some simply seem come calmly wait.

After a tie, that is great to no let the dam pee for 15 minutes, but MOST important is to examine your male, and also make sure that his dick has gone earlier inside that him and is not strangled in hair or stuck out.

"I just did a tie v a brand-new breeder that wanted to watch. Her greatest shock to be the young dam’s early panic; that would certainly have involved her. But when she saw me obtain on the floor and calm her and then establish this must be normal as ns was therefore calm, SHE was SOOOOOOO happy to check out what the is like so she will certainly not panic, together if she panicked, the dog may also panic."


Most dogs stand for a tie and also it is necessary that you carry out not allow the dam roll approximately or obtain too frisky and also hurt the male, however this particular dam insists on lied on her back.

Unless you understand what her pair will certainly do once they are locked, I highly suggest 100% supervision once mating. I only do managed ties.... 100% supervision.... Crashes can happen.

After the tie they space separated, with their an excellent disapproval, for at least 24 hours to enable his sperm to build ago up.

With a younger masculine (under 4 years) 20 hours is enough, however with an larger male, you may want to boost this time come 30-36 hours.

It is wise to check with her vet. He can draw a sample native the male and also check how productive he is or if that is sterile.

If his sperm level is low, climate you need to be a little an ext involved in each other scheduling.

Courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese

Frequently request Question

Can a dam that has actually mated with an ext than one stud during a single heat have pups native both fathers?

Answer: Yes, as soon as a dam mates with an ext than one stud, both of the studs deserve to impregnate the female in ~ the exact same time. Pups from a solitary litter deserve to have different fathers, together the sperm from both fathers will certainly swim around, waiting for the eggs to ripen. The sperm from both fathers will certainly live in the dam for 5 days.


Purebred Yorkshire Terrier and also a Chorkie (Yorkshire Terrier / Chihuahua mix) born in the very same litter

YES, it is the female the will identify the size of a litter.

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YES, the stud dog determines the sex of the puppies.

"This litter is the an outcome of a mistake once a Chihuahua male caught a Yorkie female in ~ the start of her heat. The Yorkie male mated her together well. In the exact same litter we have a Chorkie female and a pure Yorkie male! Cute! In the photograph they space eight weeks old."