These are imaginary lines drawn on maps and also globes to help us recognize our location. Each line has actually it’s own number, and where two lines cross, there is a collection of numbers connected with that location dubbed a coordinate. That a lot favor playing battleship, wherein you usage numbers and also letters to find where friend think the various other player’s pieces could be.

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The planet is ring so us measure latitude and also longitude through degrees similar to we did through our compass. Lines of Latitude are referred to as Parallels of Latitude, because all of these lines are parallel to each other. The latitude which most people are familiar with is the equator. This is 0 levels latitude and also it divides the civilization into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The north Pole is referred to as latitude 90 levels north.

Lines of Longitude are referred to as Meridians the Longitude. These lines are not parallel to each other. Lock come closer and closer come each other as they technique the north and also south poles, where they all meet. Zero degrees longitude is described as the element Meridian, and also it passes through Greenwich England. The reason zero passes v Greenwich is due to the fact that the English were several of the an initial people to begin using latitude and also longitude as they travel throughout the world and, in ~ the time, Greenwich was crucial center for the study of science and also astronomy.

When we measure ranges on land, we usage smaller and smaller dimensions to make things an ext and much more accurate. Because that example, miles have the right to be separated into yards, which can be separated into feet, which can be separated into inches. As soon as we measure things using latitude and also longitude, we start with the big measurement of degrees, and also go smaller and smaller by using minutes and seconds. There are 60 seconds in a minute, and 60 minute in a degree. This terms have the right to be a small confusing due to the fact that the levels don’t have actually anything to carry out with temperature, and also the minutes, and also seconds don’t have actually anything to perform with time.

Nautical miles are what we usage to measure street as we travel on the water. That is various from the measure of a mile the we usage on land, which is sometimes referred to as a state mile. A statute mile is 5280 feet, however a nautical mile is 6067.1 feet. Although castle are very close the difference is very important, due to the fact that one minute of latitude is equal to one nautical mile.

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Questions: click on the inquiry to watch the answer

Who designed the ide of latitude and longitude?

Name three nations that are found along the equator. (you will should look in ~ a world map)