Military modern technology in civilization War ns

world War i was much less than one year old when British writer H. G. Wells lamented the fate of humanity at the hands of "man"s increasing power that destruction" (H. G. Wells, "Civilization at the break Point," New York Times, might 27, 1915, 2). Although considered a dad of scientific research fiction, Wells to be observing other all as well real—technology had changed the challenge of combat in people War I and also ultimately accounted for an unprecedented loss of person life.

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"Huge siege weapons of the central Powers provided in the wrecking of forts." War the the Nations, 110.

Infantry warfare had depended upon hand-to-hand combat. Human being War i popularized the usage of the maker gun—capable the bringing down row after row of soldiers indigenous a distance on the battlefield. This weapon, in addition to barbed wire and mines, make movement across open land both challenging and dangerous. Thus trench war was born. The British presented tanks in 1916; they were used with airplanes and also artillery to breakthrough the front. The advent of chemical warfare included to the soldier"s perils.

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"French, British, and German species of battle Tanks." War of the Nations, 167.

Sea and also airborne tools made killing from a distance an ext effective together well. Guns an installed on ships to be able to strike targets approximately twenty mile inland. The stealth and speed of German submarines provided Germany a considerable advantage in its dominance of the phibìc Sea. Back airplanes were technologically crude, they readily available a psychological advantage. Fighter pilot aces such as Manfred von Richthofen, Germany"s "Red Baron," ended up being celebrities and also heroes, recording the world"s creative thinking with their daring and thrilling mid-air maneuvers.

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"The Insidious and also Deadly Gas that Creeps Noiselessly Down toward the Foe."War of the Nations, 210.

papers charted the public"s reaction—horror and vengeance—to these technological advancements. A couple of weeks ~ the Germans an initial used toxicity gas in Ypres, Belgium, on April 22, 1915, a London newswire come the New York Times defined the brutal details of the attack and the immediate impacts on the soldiers, concluding: "It is there is no doubt the most awful type of scientific torture." however a Daily Chronicle editorial urged Britain come retaliate through poison gas usage of its own (quoted in new York Times, might 7, 1915, 2). In fact, Germany declared that the Allies were currently using mines charged v poison gas. For this reason horrified were people by chemical warfare that the usage of toxicity gases was banned because that future wars, although not until 1925.

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When Germany"s plan for a swift armed forces victory go unrealized, the pace of battle bogged down. Both sides tried to rest this stalemate through the use of force. In ahead wars, success was accomplished through territorial supremacy; in world War ns it was completed by merely outlasting the opponent—a "war the attrition." when fighting an initial broke out in respectable 1914, numerous hoped the battle would it is in short-lived; couple of predicted a problem that would certainly last for an ext than 4 years and also scar whole generation with its unprecedented brutality.