The English an interpretation of Ramirez is kid of Ramiro (meaning "wise protector"). The surname Ramirez is the Spanish origin. The surname Ramirez is aPatronymic name, which way that it is obtained from a man"s provided name, generally a father , paternal ancestor or patron. over there are numerous indicators that the surname Ramirez might be the Jewish origin, create from the Jewish areas of Spain and also Portugal.

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When the Romans overcame the Jewish country in 70 CE, lot of the Jewish population was sent right into exile throughout the roman inn Empire. Countless were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. The approximately 750,000 Jews life in Spain in the year 1492 to be banished from the nation by imperial decree that Ferdinand and also Isabella. The Jews of Portugal, were banished numerous years later. Reprieve native the banishment decrees was promised come those Jews that converted to Catholicism. Though part converted by choice, most of this New-Christian converts were dubbed CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term because that converts meaning pigs in Spanish), ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS, together they secretly ongoing to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith.

Our study has discovered that the family name Ramirez is cited v respect come Jews & Crypto-Jews in at least 14 bibliographical, documentary, or electronic references:


From the civil records of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The Amsterdam Municipal Archives possess a complete collection of it is registered of intended marital relationships from 1578 come 1811, the year when the current Civil Registry was started. Between 1598 and also 1811, 15238 Jewish couples were entered in these books. Both the number of records and also the volume the data that might be extracted from them space unprecedented.


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Secrecy and Deceit: The religion of the Crypto-Jews, through David Gitlitz

Despite the boosted attention provided to Hispano-Jewish topics, and the "conversos" or Crypto-Jews in particular, this is the an initial thorough compilation of their customs and also practices. The author has culled native Inquisition documents and also other sources to paint a portrait the the richness and also diversity that Crypto-Jewish methods in Spain, Portugal, and the brand-new World. The history of Spanish Jews, or Sephardim, stretches back to biblical times. The Jews of Spain and also Portugal made formative contributions to every Hispanic cultures, the impact of i m sorry is first being measured and also recognized today. The Sephardim proficient a golden age in Iberia between 900-1100, during which lock acted as the intermediaries in between the competitor political and social worlds the Islam and Christianity. This golden e ended v the Reconquest the Spain by Catholic overlords, though for another 300 years the Jews continued to add to Iberian life. In 1391 and also again in 1492, intense and also violent society pressures were placed upon the Jews to sign up with the larger Christian community. Many Jews converted, regularly unwillingly. In 1492 the remaining Jews were exiled indigenous Spain. The converted Jews (Conversos) ended up being an underclass in Spanish society. Many of lock clung tenaciously to Jewish practices in the face of torture and also death in ~ the hands of the Inquisition. Having actually lost contact with various other Jews, this people emerged a faith which was an admixture the Catholic and Jewish rituals. David Gitlitz examines these techniques in detail and attempts come answer the question of whether the Conversos to be in truth Jewish. Gitlitz"s study is exhaustive. He has combed through hundreds of Inquistion records, reflecting that a feeling of "Jewishness" if not Jewish exercise remained a core worth of countless Spaniards" resides well right into the 1700s. Gitlitz is convincing in showing that the Inquisition unwittingly aided crypto-Jews in perpetuating themselves by publishing Edicts the Faith. Essentially checklists for informers, they defined the behavior of "Judaizers" (sometimes the practices detailed were absurd or simply erroneous). These, ironically, were used by Judaizers as guides to religious behavior. The is revealing that as the Inquisition faded, crypto-Judaism waned, though never completely vanished. Gitlitz"s knowledge and research on the subject is encyclopedic. The book is created in a "textbook" layout which renders it rather technical and dry, despite it is enlivened by excerpts native Inquisition records, i beg your pardon Gitlitz has actually apparently chosen for your interest, irony, unintended comedy, or spiritedness. It is an overwhelming to imagine that humans would challenge the tortures that the rack for not eating pork. That these very same tortured human being could summon the will to laugh at their executioners is something wondrous. The book includes the surname of the Sephardim (and periodically their residences too).


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From the documents of Bevis Marks, The Spanish and also Portuguese Congregation the London

Bevis clues is the Sephardic synagogue in London. The is over 300 year old and also is the earliest still in use in Britain.The Spanish and also Portuguese Jews" Congregation the London has published numerous volumes that its records: they deserve to be discovered in libraries such as the Cambridge college Library or the London urban Archive


native the funeral register the Bethahaim Velho Cemetery, released by the Jewish Historical culture of England and transcribed by R. D. Barnett.

The register offers us days for the burials in the "Bethahaim Velho" or Old Cemetery. The days are listed as per the Jewish calendar.


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Conversos top top Trial, by Haim Bienart. The Hebrew college Magnes push Ltd. 1981.

The third volume in the Hispania Judaica Series, this well written story that the converso neighborhood of Ciudad real in Spain, based on the Inquisition trials of the mid 15th century. The book was composed by Haim Beinart (1917-2010), Professor in ~ Hebrew college in Jerusalem and also an skilled on this subject, and also contains a list of names, sometimes likewise providing the surname of relatives, residence locations, and also professions. Based on the Inquisition"s records, it is a portrait that the Conversos" deep yearning for your Jewish past and also the ultimate sacrifice lock were ready to offer for their ongoing adherence come their genealogical faith.


Apellidos de Judios Sefardies (Surnames the the Sephardic Jews) from the site Comunidad Judia Del Principado de Asturias

The Principality the Asturias (Spanish: Principado de Asturias - Asturian: Principáu d"Asturies) is one autonomous ar within the kingdom of Spain, previous Kingdom of Asturias in the middle Ages. It is located on the Spanish North shore facing the Cantabrian Sea (Mar Cantábrico, the Spanish surname for the bay of Biscay).The most important cities room the provincial capital, Oviedo, the seaport and also largest city Gijón, and the industrial town that Avilés.No one to know the exact date at i m sorry Jews arrived in Asturias. Based solely on the documentation uncovered so far in Asturias, there room clear referrals to the mid-eleventh century council of Coyanza held in the Diocese of Oviedo in 1050 which says in thing VI: "... No Christian chandelier live in the same house with Jews or eat v them; if everyone infringes ours constitution, lock shall carry out penance for 7 days, and if no willing to carry out it, gift a noble person, lock shall be deprived that communion for a full year, and also if one inferior human they will get a hundreds lashes."But the is in the twelfth century when the rise and also importance of the Jewish world is an ext noticeable in this region. Jewish angry signatures start to appear much more often ~ above donation pledge cards indigenous 1133. Asturias names are not very common among the Jewish population in other parts that the peninsula roughly the same time, perhaps causing confusion.

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Ruth Reyes, "Sephardic family Names native Puerto Rico", The Casa Shalom Journal, Volume 10, published by The Institute for Marrano-Anusim Studies, Gan Yavneh, Israel 2008

This perform is compiled native a catalogue the author found top top a visit come Puerto Rico in the Museum of mountain Juan.


The Abarbanel foundation Website, "Reintegrating the lost Jews the Spain & Portugal"

List of surname of forcibly convert Jews who were do the efforts by the Spanish Inquisition because that practicing Judaism in Mexico in the years 1528 - 1815


Around the 12th century, surnames started to become common in Iberia. In Spain, whereby Arab-Jewish influence was significant, these new names retained their old original structure, so that countless of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. Others were directly related to geography locations and also were acquired because of the required wanderings led to by exile and also persecution. Other household names were a result of conversion, as soon as the family welcomed the surname of their Christian sponsor. In plenty of cases, the Portuguese Jews be afflicted with surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. Many names have been readjusted in the course of hike from nation to country. In however other cases "aliases", or totally brand-new names, were adopted due to are afraid of persecution by the Inquisition.

A typical variation the Ramirez is Ramires.


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