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The Amur flow runs follow me the China-Russia border before heading northeast with Russia close to Khabarovsk, Russia.


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The Amur flow is a enormous river that is located in a an ar sandwiched by northeastern China and the Russian much East. The river is additionally known as the Heilong Jiang, the black Water, and also the black color Dragon River. Through a size of around 1,755 miles and a basin size 716,000 square miles, this huge river is the globe’s tenth largest river. The main sources of the river are in Mongolia, China, and Russia, and also the flow runs to the Strait the Tartary in the Pacific Ocean.

Name of the flow

The name Amur more than likely originated from the root of the word “water” in Asiatic languages. In the past, it was typical practice for people to name a flow “water.” In Korean, the word for water is “mul” while water is “muren” in Mongolian.

Course the the River

The river has actually two primary sources, the Onon River-Shilka river in Mongolia and also Russia and the Kherlen River-Ergune flow in Mongolia and also China. The former river flows at an key of about 6,709 feet if the last on operation at one altitude of about 6,434. The two rivers converge in ~ a elevation of around 994 feet in the western region of Northeast China. From the confluence, the river then flows eastern in a direction that renders it component of the border between Russia and also China. After ~ that, the river flows in a southeast direction because that a size of about 250 miles in a course that comprises of number of minor tributaries. One such tributary is the Huma river at Huma in China.


From Huma, the Amur flow maintains that southward circulation passing with a region that is sandwiched through the Russian city of Blagoveschensk and the Chinese city of Heihe. In this area, the width of the river likewise increases due to the fact that the river joins up with another huge tributary well-known as the Zeya River. Native this point, the Amur flow assumes an eastward direction prior to making a southeast revolve where it meets up with the Bureya River. After that, for about 160 miles, the flow does not satisfy up with any major tributary till the Songhua river in China’s Tongjiang city. The following section after conference up through the Songhua flow flows in a northeastern direction up to Russia’s Khabarovsk City whereby it converges through the Ussuri River. In ~ this point of convergence, the flow stops being a border in between the two countries.

The last ar of the flow takes ~ above a branched direction the same, similar thing the roots of a plant. This ar flows in a northeast direction pass through areas like Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Amursk. After about 120 miles, the flow valley narrows prior to meeting v the Amgun River and then flowing right into some plains. The convergence v the Amgun flow is adhered to by an eastward turn prior to flowing right into the bay in ~ Nikolayevsk-on-Amur. Finally, about twelve mile downstream indigenous the bay, the flow empties into the Strait the Tartary. The Strait of Tartary connect the Sea the Okhotsk come the north v the Sea the Japan come the south in between the asian mainland and also the Russian island of Sakhalin.


Fish Habitat

The river is unique in that it is the only one that supports subtropical Asia fish (like the snakehead) and Arctic Siberian fish (such as pike). In addition, the river is residence to some huge fish varieties such together the Kaluga, i m sorry can grow to lengths of approximately 18 feet.

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Other fish species include Amur catfish, yellowcheek, and also Taimen.