Saguaro Cactus Blossom

(Cereus giganteus ) embraced on march 16, 1931.

The Saguaro Blossom, (Carnegiea gigantea,) was embraced as the floral emblem the the Arizona region on in march 8, 1901, and also officially evidenced as the state flower through the legislature on march 16, 1931. Before its adoption, a saguaro cactus showed up on the first territorial seal the Arizona in 1863.The large saguaro cactus (Cereus giganteus) is aboriginal to Arizona; it grow to a elevation of forty to fifty feet and lives to period of 150 to 200 years. The flower of the tree-sizedsaguarocactus is a distinctive desertflower, fragrant and creamy white with a yellow center.

Arizona State Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom


The saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea) is just one of the specifying plants the the Sonoran Desert. The saguaro cactus has been explained as the king of the Sonoran Desert, as a prickly horror, as the supreme symbol of the American Southwest, and as a plant v personality. The Saguaro is renowned because that the variety of odd, all-too-human shapes it assumes, shapes that inspire wild and also fanciful imaginings. This plants are large, tree-like columnar cacti that construct branches (or arms) as they age, although some never flourish arms. These arms usually bend upward and also can number end 25. Saguaros are covered v protective spines, white flowers in the so late spring, and also red fruit in summer. The Saguaro is a fairly fast growing cactus also known, together Saguaro is the most famous giant cactus that the world. Can prosper up come 12 M height. Saguaro alcohol is provided for rain rituals. The pulp deserve to be boiled under or fermented, witch offers you sweet, brown syrup. This can be combined with water or alcohol, which provides you Saguaro beer or wine.

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The fragrant, waxy white saguaro blossom is just one of the most distinctive State flowers. In May and also June, the Cactus bear creamy white flowers through yellow centers the measured around three inches. The Saguaro Cactus flower have the right to be found on the finish of the branches. The flower only opens ~ above cooler nights and is closed during the heat of midday. However, it"s not simple to see the beautiful, creamy white, trumpet-shaped flower inasmuch as they open just at night and also last only about 18 hours. The flowers space sweetly scented and attract bees and also flies v its bloom season the May and also June. By July, the flowers come to be red-fleshed fruit that feeding doves migrating from Mexico.


Saguaros are discovered exclusively in the Sonoran Desert. The most important determinants for growth are water and temperature. If the elevation is as well high, the cold weather and also frost can kill the saguaro. Back the the Sonoran Desert experience both winter and also summer rains, the is assumed that the Saguaro obtains many of its moisture throughout the summer rainy season.

Life Span

The huge saguaro is the king the cacti. A full-grown saguaro is usually an ext than 35 feet in height and is at the very least 75 year old, sometimes reaching a elevation of 50 feet and also life span of 200 years. Some have actually arms but all are green and also have a wax-like skin the helps stop water loss. Rare and endangered this extraordinary giant cactus has actually been defended within Saguaro national Park since 1933.


Saguaro are really slow cultivation cactus. A 10 year old plant might only it is in 1.5 inches tall. Saguaro can grow to be between 40-60 feet high (12-18m). When rain is plentiful and also the saguaro is completely hydrated it have the right to weigh between 3200-4800 pounds.

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You discover this cactus in southern Arizona and western Sonora, Mexico. At the northern portion of their variety they are much more plentiful top top the warmer south dealing with slopes. A few stray tree can also be discovered in south east California.


The saguaro fruit has long been used by the Papago and also Pima Indians that harvest the fruits and also make syrup. Saguaro seed contain the psychosis alkaloids Carnegine and also Arizonine.

The Arizona modification Statutes

The regulation designating the Saguaro as the official Arizona state flower is discovered in the Arizona amendment Statutes, title 41, chapter 4.1, write-up 5, section 41-855.

TITLE 41. STATE GOVERNMENT. thing 4.1. HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY and STATE EMBLEMS. write-up 5. State Emblems. section 41.855. 41-855. State flower. The pure white waxy flower the the Cereus giganteus (giant cactus) or Saguaro shall it is in the state flower.

Taxonomic Hierarchy: Saguaro

Kingdom: Plantae - plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta - Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta - Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons Subclass: Caryophyllidae Order: Caryophyllales Family: Cactaceae - Cactus household Genus: Carnegiea Britton & increased - saguaro Species : Carnegiea gigantea (Engelm.) Britton & climbed - saguaro