Appendix N - Composite threat Management

Composite Risk monitoring (CRM) is a decision-making procedure used to alleviate risks linked with all dangers that have the potential to damaged or death personnel, damage or destroy equipment, or otherwise impact mission effectiveness. The main premise the CRM is the it go not issue where or exactly how loss occurs because the result is the exact same - diminished mission effectiveness. The guiding values of CRM are:

incorporate CRM right into all phases that missions and operations. Efficient CRM calls for the procedure be incorporated into all phases the mission or to work planning, preparation, execution, and recovery. Make threat decisions at the ideal level. Together a decision-making tool, CRM is only effective when the information is passed come the appropriate level of command because that decision. Leaders are forced to establish and publish approval authority because that decision making. This might be a separate policy, especially addressed in regulatory guidance, or handle in the commander"s maintain guidance. Approval authority for hazard decision make is usually based on guidance from greater headquarters. Expropriate no unnecessary risk. Expropriate no level of hazard unless the potential get or benefit outweighs the potential loss.

CRM is a decision-making tool to help the commander, leader, or individual in identifying, assessing, and controlling dangers to make informed decisions the balance risk prices (losses) against mission services (potential gains).

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apply the process cyclically and also continuously. CRM is a continuous process applied across the full spectrum of army training and operations, individual and collective day-to-day activities and events, and also base to work functions. The is a cyclic process that is supplied to repetitively identify and assess hazards, develop and implement controls, and also evaluate outcomes. Do not be danger averse. Identify and also control the hazards; finish the mission.

Composite Risk administration Steps

CRM is a five-step process:

step 1: determine hazards. Action 2: Assess perils to recognize risk. Action 3: build controls and make hazard decisions. Action 4: implement controls. Step 5: Supervise and also evaluate.

Steps 1 and also 2 are assessment steps, and also Steps 3 through 5 are monitoring steps.

When the CRM is overlaid v the troop-leading procedures, the result is as shown in figure N-1.

number N-1. CRM and troop leading procedures

To maintain continuity with mission tasks and also requirements, that is crucial to monitor the CRM process in a standardized manner. Many tools are available that can be tailored to portray CRM information to fit a particular mission, situation, operation, or event. Once time and also situation allow, the military standard CRM worksheet (Department the the Army form 7566, Composite Risk management Worksheet) or an digital version will be supplied to file the CRM process.

Key Definitions

Hazard: A problem with the potential to reason injury, illness, or fatality of personnel; damage to or ns of devices or property; or mission degradation. A hazard may also be a case or event that can an outcome in degradation of capabilities or mission failure. Dangers exist in all atmospheres - combat operations, security operations, base assistance operations, training, garrison activities, and off-duty activities.

Danger: Exposure or vulnerability to injury or risk, the balance in between the opportunity or probability the a hazardous incident, and the result of the hazardous incident.

Risk: Probability and also severity that loss connected to hazards.

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Risk management: The process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks developing from operational factors and making decisions the balance risk expense with mission benefits.


Field manual 5-19, Composite risk Management, room of the Army, august 2006.