Aluminium

aspect 13 of routine table is Aluminium through atomic number 13, atomic weight 26.981538. Aluminium, symbol Al, has a Face focused Cubic structure and also Silver color. Aluminium is a post-transition metal element. Trivial name of Aluminium is triels, icosagens. Know everything about Aluminium Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Aluminium (or aluminum; see various endings) is a chemical element in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13. The is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal. Aluminium is the third most abundant facet (after oxygen and also silicon), and also the many abundant metal, in the Earth"s crust.

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Aluminium Facts

Read an essential information and also facts around element Aluminium

surname Aluminium
atomic Number 13
atom Symbol Al
Atomic weight 26.981538
step Solid
shade Silver
Classification post-transition metal
group in periodic Table 13
Group Name boron family
period in periodic Table 3
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p1
Melting point 660.32 °C
Boiling point 2519 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 3>
CAS Number CAS7429-90-5

neighborhood
5
B
6
C
13
Al
14
Si
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

explore our interactive regular table


How to locate Aluminium on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is same as number of electrons. The atom number rises from left to right. Routine table starts at optimal left ( atom number 1) and ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Thus you can directly look because that atomic number 13 to uncover Aluminium on routine table.

Another method to read periodic table and locate an element is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To find Aluminium on periodic table look for cross ar of group 13 and period 3 in the contemporary periodic table.

check out Interactive regular Table to Understand and also Learn Cool fads

Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Aluminium with other elements

Aluminium History

The facet Aluminium was found by none in year 1825 in Denmark . Aluminium obtained its name from alumina, a link (originally aluminum)

Aluminium Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the variety of Aluminium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in world 5e-05
diversity in sunlight 6e-05
variety in Meteorites 0.0091
Abundance in Earth"s late 0.081
diversity in oceans 5×10-7%
variety in humans 9e-07

Crystal structure of Aluminium

The hard state structure of Aluminium is Face centered Cubic.

The crystal structure deserve to be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional an are to kind the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
404.95 404.95 404.95 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are defined by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are defined by the concept of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional an are are defined by the 230 room groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group surname Fm_ 3m
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space Group Number 225
Crystal framework Face focused Cubic

Aluminium Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Aluminium atoms have 13 electrons and also the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 3> through Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2.


atomic Number 13
Number of electrons (with no charge) 13
Number of Protons 13
Mass Number 27
Number that Neutrons 14
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 3>
Electron configuration 3s2 3p1
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p1
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2

Shell framework of Aluminium - electrons per power level


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Ground State electronic Configuration the Aluminium - neutral Aluminium atom

The floor state electronic configuration the Neutral Aluminium atom is 3s2 3p1. The portion of Aluminium configuration the is equivalent to the noble gas of the coming before period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with numerous electrons, this notation have the right to become lengthy and therefore an abbreviation notation is used.This is important as the is the Valence electrons 3s2 3p1, electrons in the outermost covering that identify the chemical properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration of neutral Aluminium

Complete floor state digital configuration for the Aluminium atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1

Atomic framework of Aluminium

Aluminium atomic radius is 118 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 118 pm.

atom Radius

118 afternoon (1.18 Å)

Atomic Volume 9.99316222222 cm3
Covalent Radius 118 pm (1.18 Å)
valve der Waals Radius N/A
ghost Cross section 0.233 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Aluminium

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Aluminium chemical Properties: Aluminium Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity that Aluminium is 42.5 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 1.61
ElectronAffinity 42.5 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Aluminium

Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Aluminium

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 577.5
2 1816.7
3 2744.8
4 11577
5 14842
6 18379
7 23326
8 27465
9 31853
10 38473

Aluminium physical Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Aluminium physics Properties

thickness 2.7 g/cm3
Molar Volume 9.99316222222 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 70 GPa
Shear Modulus 26 GPa
bulk Modulus 76 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.35

Hardness of Aluminium - exam to measure of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness 2.75 MPa
Vickers Hardness 167 MPa
Brinell Hardness 245 MPa

Aluminium electrical Properties

Aluminium is Conductor that electricity. Refer to table below for the electric properties of Aluminium

electrical Conductivity 3.8×107 S/m
Resistivity 2.6×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting suggest 1.175

Aluminium Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 235 W/(m K)
Thermal expansion 0.0000231 K-1

Aluminium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Paramagnetic
Curie allude N/A
fixed Magnetic Susceptibility 7.8×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 2.1×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 2.11e-05

Optical nature of Aluminium

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic properties of Aluminium

speed of Sound 5.1×103 m/s

Aluminium heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer to table below for heat properties that Aluminium

Melting point 933.47 K (660.32 °C)
Boiling allude 2792 K (2519 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting allude 1.175

Enthalpies that Aluminium

warm of combination 10.7 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 293 kJ/mol
heat of burning N/A

Aluminium isotopes - nuclear Properties of Aluminium

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally occurring Aluminium has 1 steady isotope - 27Al.


Isotope Isotope massive % variety T fifty percent Decay setting
21Al
22Al
23Al
24Al
25Al
26Al
27Al 100% secure N/A
28Al
29Al
30Al
31Al
32Al
33Al
34Al
35Al
36Al
37Al
38Al
39Al
40Al
41Al
42Al

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7429-90-5
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000
dot Hazard class 4.3
dot Numbers 1396
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA hazards N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 0
NFPA Reactivity Rating 1
Autoignition allude 400 °C
Flashpoint 645 °C

Database Search

list of distinctive identifiers to search the element in assorted chemical it is registered databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7429-90-5
CID Number CID5359268
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000

Compare Aluminium v all Group 13 elements

Aluminium vs Boron Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs Nihonium

Compare Aluminium through all post-transition metal elements

Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs believe Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs lead Aluminium vs Bismuth Aluminium vs Nihonium Aluminium vs Flerovium Aluminium vs Moscovium Aluminium vs Livermorium