Cartographers have divided up the planet into a net of imagine lines that run both north and south (latitude) and east and west (longitude).

Zero levels latitude is the heat designating the Equator and divides the planet into 2 equal hemispheres (north and also south).




You are watching: What is the climate like at 0 degrees latitude

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The Equator is the heat of zero degrees latitude around the middle of Earth. Image: NASA, public domain.
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The element Meridian divides the people into the eastern and also western hemispheres. Image: NASA, publicly domain.

Mapping the location of Zero degrees Latitude and Zero degrees Longitude

Therefore, we are searching for what exist at the location where the Equator and also the element Meridian cross every other. In various other words, we space want to what is situated at the confluence that (0°N0°E)

If friend look in ~ the intersection that 0 degreeslatitude(known as the Equator) and 0 degrees longitude (known as the PrimeMeridian) top top a map, you will watch that the confluence falls in the center of the Atlantic Ocean, inthe Gulf that Guinea turn off the shore of western Africa.

The map below shows in dashed red the lines of zero degrees latitude and also zero degrees longitude.


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The closest country to 0°, 0° is the African nation of Ghana i beg your pardon lies about 614km (382mi)to the phibìc of this confluence.

The closest item of land come 0°, 0° is a small islet offshore of Ghana, between Akwidaa and Dixcove in ~ the latitude and also longitude coordinates of 4°45′30″N, 1°58′33″W. The street from this islet to 0°, 0° is around 570 kilometres (354.2 mi).

Therefore, the open s lies in ~ zero levels latitude and zero degrees longitude.

This coordinate is significant by a weather monitoring buoy (Station 13010—Soul), inserted there as part of thePrediction and Research Moored range in the Atlantic, likewise known asPIRATA and also is operated by the nations of unified States, France, and also Brazil.


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A weather buoy can be found at the location of 0 levels latitude, 0 degrees longitude. Photo: Graham Curran, CC by 4.0, MediaWiki Commons.

Null Island

There is a fictitious island well-known as Null Island at zero latitude and zero longitude. Return it’s no clear when the concept of Null Island to be conceived, it came to prominence with the release of windy domain Natural earth GIS data. This one square meter area island is provided for troubleshooting functions for flagging geocoding failures, which is geographical data the cannot be appropriately located due to an error.

When a GIS software routine or other mapping tools space unable to properly assign geographic coordinates to an address, the resolve record might be assigned a name: coordinates of 0,0 so cartographers can flag those deal with with errors.

Learn more: Null Island: whereby Geocoding Errors walk to Live

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