Sometimes, also native speakers obtain it wrong. Countless English speakers, for example, acquire confused between you"re andyour or whose and also who"s. Believe it or not, Spanish has some similar stumbling blocks – favor the difference between porque, por qué, por queand porqué.
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The four terms are pronounced much more or much less the same. The main distinction is is the por qué and also porqué have an ext emphasis top top the second syllable, if porque and also porqué have an ext emphasis top top the first, a fact that need to be simple to psychic if you learn the rules for Spanish accents and also word stress.
The important thing is the spelling. Favor who"s vs. whose or its vs it"s, composing the dorn porque can change the definition of a sentence, or rest it altogether. That said, prefer a misplaced its, people will probably be able to tell what you to be trying to say. But getting it right is still crucial in official writing.
So here"s the just thing you"ll ever before need to review on the topic of the four porques. Check out it, research all four cases, and practice utilizing them. It shouldn"t take it too lengthy to drill right into your mind.
1. ¿Por qué? – “Why”
Which of the four versions is the many common? It"s a toss-up in between por qué and porque. They"re possibly the two that room the most basic to confuse v each other.
We"ll covering por qué first. It method “why”, and is rarely interpreted as any other English word.
Por qué can be used as a question, in which case don"t forget both the opening and also closing inquiry marks:¿Por qué lo hiciste? – “Why go you execute it?”¿Por qué me llamaría? – “Why would she speak to me?”¿Por qué no estás aquí? – “Why aren"t you here?”
Or together a reported question:Me preguntó por qué no fui. – “He/she asked me why i didn"t go.”No sé por qué no lo hablé. – “I don"t understand why I stated it.”
So the dominance is easy to remember: if you"re asking “why?”, use “por qué”.
2. Porque – “Because”
Por qué and also porque regularly travel as a couple. Ask a inquiry with ¿por qué? – “why?” – and you"ll most likely hear a porque – “because” – in the response:¿Por qué lo hiciste? Porque fue gracioso – “Why go you perform it? because it was funny.”¿Por qué me llamaría?Porque le gustas – “Why would she call me? since she likes you.”Por qué ¿quieres escalar el Monte Everest? “Porque está ahí – Why execute you desire to rise Mt. Everest? since it"s there.”
Like “because” in English, you have the right to use porque to attach two clauses as soon as the 2nd explains the first:Aún no lo the leído porque no that tenido tiempo – “I tho haven"t check out it due to the fact that I don"t have actually time.”Ganó porque es mas fuerte – “He won because he"s stronger.”No tenía ganas porque estaba muy cansada – “I didn"t feel choose it because I was very tired.”
If you"re struggling to remember which means around por qué and porque go, it might aid to brush up on the Spanish accent rules. Remember the qué through a inquiry mark commonly indicates a direct question. The should assist you come remember that ¿por qué? is typically a question, while porque is an ext likely found in a statement.
If you"re a beginner, you deserve to probably protect against here. Porque and por quéare much much more common 보다 the staying two items on this list. If you shot to discover the others now, you might just confuse yourself.
With the warning, let"s proceed:
3. Por que – “For which”
Por que is possibly the trickiest of the three. It means “for which”, and also before we gain in the details, it might help to look at the English.
When you think around it, the specific words “for which” aren"t actually very common in English. Making use of it deserve to sound fairly formal and stuffy:
“That"s the prize for which ns was nominated.”
This sentence isn"t wrong, but it sound a little bit weird. It"s an ext natural come say “That"s the one (which) i was nominated for”, moving the preposition come the end.
But remember that in Spanish, a sentence can"t end with a preposition. Instead, you need to use a native order closer come the “stuffy” English version:Es el motivo por que lo hice – “It"s the factor why (for which) i did it.”No entiendo la razón por que es posible. “I don"t recognize why (the factor for which) it"s possible.”
You should additionally use por que once a phrasal verb like preocuparse por (“to problem about”) or luchar por (“to hit for”) is naturally complied with by a que:Se preocupa por que no le guste. – “She"s worried the she won"t favor it.”
From the last sentence, you could see that por que deserve to be a little bit confusing. Don"t feel too bad – this is among those things that also native speaker mess increase sometimes.
My tip is come spend much more time examining the indigenous que and how it"s supplied with prepositions and also in family member clauses. It"s past the border of this article, yet the more deeply you understand exactly how other prepositions can hang on come que in terms prefer en que and al que, the less complicated you"ll find it to parse sentences wherein por is attached to a que.
(Quick note for grammar geeks: if this is absolutely true because that Spanish the you can"t end a sentence v a preposition, it"s a myth that the exact same rule applies to English. See below for much more of an explanation.)
4. El porqué – “The reason”
Last however not least, and also probably the simplest of the four: el porqué is a reasonably uncommon mrs noun definition “the reason”.Dime el porqué no quieres ir – tell me the factor you don"t desire to come.Creo que es el porqué de su decisión – ns think that"s the factor for his decision.
Porqué isn"t used very often, but it"s still a fun small noun come spice up your vocabulary. Again, if you"re just obtaining started, don"t worry around porqué yet. The various other three instances are much more important to learn.
How to Make certain You know the Difference between “Por qué”, “Porque”, “Por que” and “Porqué”
As you can see, the rules aren"t that complicated.
If you"re struggling, I suggest you don"t invest too much time researching the “rules” directly. Instead, discover or create a bunch of instance sentences that cover all four porques and put castle on flashcards.
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The an ext examples girlfriend see and hear of herbal Spanish sentence that use these four words, the more you"ll gain an intuitive feel for they work.