What is Multiplication?

Multiplication, among the four an easy operations the arithmetic, offers the an outcome of combining teams of same sizes.

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Here each team has 3 ice cream creams, and also there space two such groups. So, there room 2 times 3 or 3 + 3 or 6 ice creams in total. In various other words, multiplication is repeated addition.

Multiplication is stood for by the signs cross ‘×’, asterisk ‘*’ or dot ‘·’. When we multiply two numbers, the price we gain is called ‘product’. The variety of objects in each team is dubbed ‘multiplicand,’ and also the number of such equal teams is dubbed ‘multiplier’.

For example:

3 × 7 = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21

5 × 6 = 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30


In the offered image, 4 flowers have actually 8 petals each. To find the total variety of petals, we can multiply the number of flowers by the variety of petals in every flower. Thus, the multiplicand is 8, the multiplier is 4, and also the product is 4 × 8 or 32. That is, there space 32 petals in all.


Multiplication making use of number line

Representing a multiplication explain on a number line deserve to be done by acquisition jumps the multiplier number of times, the size tantamount to the multiplicand from zero.

For example:

4 × 2 = 8


Properties the multiplication

Commutative Property: once we multiply 2 numbers, the order doesn’t matter. Because that numbers a and also b, a × b = b × a.

Associative Property: for numbers a, b, and c, (a × b) × c = a × (b × c).

Distributive Property: because that numbers a, b, and also c, a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c).

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Fun Facts:

If us multiply a number by 1, the product remains the same number. 1 is the identity aspect under multiplication.If us multiply a number by 0, the product is zero.