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The existing tense is the most commonly used tense in Spanish and also functions quite an in similar way to the English current tense. The current tense is employed come express plenty of things; mainly, that is supplied to describe something that is happening one of two people right now (the train is leaving) or in the near future (the train leaves in one hour), to express a general fact (the train is comfortable) or to define a habitual action (I take the train to work every week).
It is also important to save in mind the in English over there are an ext ways to express an activity in the current than in Spanish. Because that example:
|I drink.I to be drinking.I do drink.||Yo bebo.|
Spanish existing Tense: -ar, -er and also -ir verb
As we extended in the section on Spanish verbs, all Spanish verbs finish in among the adhering to ways:-ar (examples: amar, asar, borrar, estudiar, hablar, jugar, saltar, tomar) -er (beber, comer, comprender, leer, temer, vender) -ir (mentir, pedir, sentir, subir, vivir)
Regular verbs (we"ll leaving the rarely often rare verbs for later) follow the very same pattern as other verbs through which castle share endings. The root of the verb (the part up till the -ar, -er or -ir) continues to be the same, while the ending is changed according to the subject.
SPANISH current TENSE: VERBS ending IN -AR
The root for SALTAR is "salt-" and also the root for AMAR is "am-". See just how the endings change:
|Subject||-AR verb endings||SALTAR (to jump) AMAR (to love)|
|yo (I)||-o||salto (I jump) amo (I love)|
|tú (you)||-as||saltas (you jump) amas (you love)|
|él/ella (he / she)||-a||salta (he / she jumps) ama (he / she loves)|
|nosotros/as (we)||-amos||saltamos (we jump) amamos (we love)|
|vosotros/as (you all)||-áis||saltáis (you jump) amáis (you love)|
|ellos / ellas (they)||-an||saltan (they jump) aman (they love)|
SPANISH present TENSE: VERBS ending IN -ER
The root because that COMER is "com-" and also the root because that COMPRENDER is "comprend-". See just how the end change:
|Subject||-ER verb endings||COMER (to eat) COMPRENDER (to understand)|
|yo (I)||-o||como (I eat) comprendo (I understand)|
|tú (you)||-es||comes (you eat) comprendes (you understand)|
|él/ella (he / she)||-e||come (he/she eats) comprende (he/she understands)|
|nosotros/as (we)||-emos||comemos (we eat) comprendemos (we understand)|
|vosotros/as (you all)||-éis||coméis (you eat) comprendéis (you understand)|
|ellos / ellas (they)||-en||comen (they eat) comprenden (they understand)|
SPANISH present TENSE: VERBS ending IN -IR
The root because that VIVIR is "viv-" and the root because that SUBIR is "sub-". See just how the end change:
|Subject||-IR verb endings||VIVIR (to live) SUBIR (to go up)|
|yo (I)||-o||vivo (I live) subo (I go up)|
|tú (you)||-es||vives (you live) subes (you go up)|
|él/ella (he / she)||-e||vive (he/she lives) sube (he/she walk up)|
|nosotros/as (we)||-imos||vivimos (we live) subimos (we go up)|
|vosotros/as (you all)||-ís||vivís (you all live) subís (you all go up)|
|ellos / ellas (they)||-en||viven (they live) suben (they walk up)|
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