The old Greeks had plays with songs, and also Roman comedies included song and dance routines. But the music of these eras disappeared lengthy ago, for this reason they had actually no real influence on the breakthrough of modern-day musical theatre and also film. The center Ages brought traveling minstrels and musical principles plays staged through churches, yet these had tiny if any kind of influence top top the advance of musicals as an arts form.

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Although over there were countless musical stage entertainments in the 1700s, none of them were referred to as "musicals." The very first lasting English-language job-related of this period was man Gay"s The Beggar"s Opera (1728), a ballad opera the reset renowned tunes the the day to lyrics the fit a satirical spoof the respectable citizens who space no better than usual thieves. This, and other brother ballad operas, burlettas and also pantomimes, created the bulk of musicals readily available on American stages right right into the early 1800s.

The musical together we recognize it has actually some the its root in the French and also Viennese Operettas the the 1800s. The satiric functions of Jacques Offenbach (Paris) and the romantic comedies of Johann Strauss II (Vienna) were the very first musicals to accomplish international popularity. Continental operettas to be well received in England, but audiences there desired the looser range format of the Music Hall.

While the contemporary Broadway musical take it its kind from operetta, it gained its comic soul from the range entertainments that delighted America from the mid-1800s onward. Rudely American Variety and also Minstrel Shows ultimately gave means to the an ext refined pleasures that Vaudeville -- and also the rowdy spirit of Burlesque.

The success of The black color Crook (1860) opened the means for the advancement of American musicals in the 1860s, including extravaganzas, pantomimes, and the musical farces of Harrigan & Hart. The comic operettas that Gilbert & Sullivan (1871-1896) were witty, tuneful and also exquisitely created – top to brand-new standards of theatrical production. After Gilbert and Sullivan, the theatre in Britain and the United states was re-defined – an initial by imitation, climate by innovation.

During the early 1900s, imports like Franz Lehar’s The funny Widow (1907) had huge influence ~ above the Broadway musical, but American composers George M. Cohan and also Victor Herbert gave the American musical comedy a distinctive sound and also style. Then (1910s) Jerome Kern, guy Boulton and also P.G. Wodehouse took this a step more with the Princess Theatre shows, putting believable people and situations on the music stage. During the exact same years, Florenz Ziegfeld presented his Follies, the ultimate phase revue.

In the 1920s, the American music comedy gained worldwide influence. Broadway saw the writing debuts the Cole Porter, Rodgers and Hart, the Gershwins and also many others. The British added several intimate reviews and also introduced the multi-talented Noel Coward. Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II wrote the fix up Showboat (1927) the many lasting fight of the 1920s.

The great Depression did not prevent Broadway – in fact, the 1930s experienced the lighthearted music comedy with its an innovative zenith. The Gershwin’s Of Thee ns Sing (1931) was the first musical ever before to success the Pulitzer Prize because that Drama. Rodgers & Hart (On her Toes - 1936) and Cole Porter (Anything Goes – 1934) contributed their share of lasting hit shows and songs.

The 1940s began out with business-as-usual music comedy, however Rodgers & Hart’s Pal Joey and also Weill and Gershwin’s Lady in the Dark opened up the way for much more realistic musicals. Rodgers and Hammerstein’s Oklahoma (1943) was the very first fully incorporated musical play, utilizing every song and dance to construct the personalities or the plot. After Oklahoma, the music would never ever be the very same – but composers Irving Berlin (Annie gain Your Gun - 1946) and Cole Porter (Kiss Me Kate – 1947) soon verified themselves ready to it is adapted to the incorporated musical.

During the 1950s, the music the Broadway was the well-known music that the west world. Every season carried a fresh crop of standard hit musicals the were eagerly awaited and celebrated by the general public. An excellent stories, told with memorable songs and also dances to be the bespeak of the day, causing such unforgettable hits as The King and I, My fair Lady, Gypsy and dozens more. This musicals to be shaped by three vital elements:

Composers: Rodgers & Hammerstein, Loesser, Bernstein Directors: George Abbott, Jerome Robbins, Bob Fosse Female stars: Gwen Verdon, mar Martin, Ethel Merman

At first, the 1960s were more of the same, through Broadway turning out record setting hits (Hello, Dolly!, Fiddler top top the Roof). However as famous musical tastes shifted, the musical was left behind. The rock musical "happening" Hair (1968) was hailed together a landmark, but it ushered in a duration of confusion in the music theatre.

Composer/lyricist Stephen Sondheim and director Hal Prince refocused the genre in the 1970s by introducing principle musicals – mirrors built around an idea rather than a classic plot. Company (1970), Follies (1972) and A little Night Music (1973) succeeded, while rock musicals conveniently faded right into the background. The concept musical peaked through A Chorus Line (1974), conceived and also directed by Michael Bennett. No, No, Nanette (1973) initiated a slew of renowned 1970s revivals, however by decade’s finish the battle line to be drawn in between serious brand-new works (Sweeney Todd) and also heavily commercialized british mega-musicals (Evita).

The windy ruled heavily in donate of the mega-musicals, for this reason the 1980s brought a succession of long-running "Brit hits" to Broadway – Cats, Les Miserables, Phantom that the Opera and Miss Saigon were light on intellectual content and also heavy on one-of-a-kind effects and also marketing.

By the 1990s, brand-new mega-musicals to be no much longer winning the public, and costs were so high that even long-running hits (Crazy for You, Sunset Boulevard) to be unable to revolve a profit on Broadway. Brand-new stage musicals now required the backing the multi-million disagreement corporations come develop and also succeed – a trend proven by Disney’s Lion King, and also Livent’s Ragtime. Even Rent and also Titanic were cultivated by smaller, Broadway-based this firm entities.

As the 20th century ended, the musical theatre was in an unsure state, relying on rehashed numbers (Fosse) and stage execution of old movies (Footloose, Saturday Night Fever), and the still-running mega-musicals the the previous decade. But beginning in the year 2000, a new resurgence of American musical comedies take it Broadway by surprise. The Producers, Urinetown, Thoroughly contemporary Millie, Hairspray -- funny, melodic and also inventively staged, these hit shows offered brand-new hope for the genre.

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What lies ahead in the future? It"s tough to say, yet there will most assuredly be brand-new musicals. The musical may go locations some the its fans will not desire to follow, yet the form will live ~ above so long as world like a story told with songs.