Element Nickel - Ni

Comprehensive data top top the chemical facet Nickel is provided on this page; including scores the properties, element names in many languages, most recognized nuclides the Nickel. Common chemical compounds are also noted for plenty of elements. In enhancement technical terms are linked to your definitions and the menu has links come related write-ups that room a an excellent aid in one"s studies.

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Nickel Menu

Nickel page OneOverview of NickelNickel"s surname in other LanguagesAtomic framework of NickelChemical properties of NickelPhysical nature of NickelRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowNickel page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesNickel web page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds that Nickel

Overview of Nickel

Atomic Number: 28Group: 10Period: 4Series: transition Metals

Nickel"s name in other Languages

Latin: NiccolumCzech: NiklCroatian: NikalFrench: NickelGerman: Nickel - rItalian: NichelNorwegian: NikkelPortuguese: NiquelRussian: НикельSpanish: NíquelSwedish: NickelAtomic framework of NickelAtomic Radius: 1.62ÅAtomic Volume: 6.59cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.15ÅCross Section (Thermal ghost Capture)σa/barns: 4.49Crystal Structure: Cubic challenge centered
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Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d8 4s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,16,2Shell Model
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Ionic Radius:
0.69ÅFilling Orbital: 3d8Number of electron (with no charge): 28Number of neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 31Number that Protons: 28Oxidation States: 2,3Valence Electrons: 3d8 4s2

Chemical nature of Nickel

Electrochemical Equivalent: 1.095g/amp-hrElectron occupational Function: 5.15eVElectronegativity: 1.91 (Pauling); 1.75 (Allrod Rochow)Heat that Fusion: 17.47kJ/molIncompatibilities:Strong acids, sulfur, selenium, lumber & other combustibles, nickel nitrateIonization PotentialFirst: 7.635Second: 18.168Third: 35.17Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 42

Physical properties of Nickel

Atomic massive Average: 58.6934Boiling Point: 3005K 2732°C 4950°FCoefficient of lineal heat expansion/K-1: 13.3E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.143 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.907 W/cmKDensity: 8.9g/cc
300KDescription:A silvery-white change metal the is malleable and also ductile. Nickel resists corrosion however is soluble in acids. That is, however, unaffected by alkalis.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 180/GPaRigidity: 76/GPaYoungs: 200/GPaEnthalpy the Atomization: 422.6 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy of Fusion: 17.57 kJ/moleEnthalpy the Vaporization: 371.8 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: combustible SolidFreezing Point: see melting pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 700 MN m-2Mohs: 4Vickers: 638 MN m-2Heat that Vaporization: 370.4kJ/molMelting Point: 1726K 1453°C 2647°FMolar Volume: 6.59 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 72%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.44J/gKVapor Pressure = 237Pa
1453°C

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-02-0RTECS: QR5950000 (metal)OSHA allow Exposure limit (PEL)TWA: 1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 1 mg/m3NIOSH recommended Exposure border (REL)TWA: 0.015 mg/m3IDLH: 10 mg/m3 (Potential NIOSH carcinogen)Routes of Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: sleep cavities, lungs, skinLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of facets in the typical human, that DOES NOT represent recommended day-to-day allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.01-0.05Bone/p.p.m: Liver/p.p.m: 0.02-1.8Muscle/p.p.m: 1-2Daily diet Intake: 0.3-0.5 mgTotal mass In Avg. 70kg human: 15 mg

Who / where / once / How

Discoverer: Axel F CronstedtDiscovery Location: Stockholm SwedenDiscovery Year: 1751Name Origin: German: kupfernickel (Devil"s copper).Abundance that Nickel:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 80Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 0.0001Atlantic Deep: 0.0004Pacific Surface: 0.0001Pacific Deep: 0.00057Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative to H=1E12): 1910000Sources the Nickel:Chiefly uncovered in pentlandite <(Ni,Fe)9S8> and garnierite ores. Yearly world manufacturing is over 1,300,000 tons. The primary mining areas are Russia, southern Africa, Australia, brand-new Caledonia, Cuba, Indonesia, USA and Canada.Uses of Nickel:Used in electroplating and metal alloys since of the resistance come corrosion. Likewise in nickel-cadmium batteries; as a catalyst and also for coins.Additional Notes:

Nickel Menu

Nickel page OneOverview the NickelNickel"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of NickelChemical properties of NickelPhysical nature of NickelRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowNickel web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesNickel page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds of Nickel

References

A list of recommendation sources used to compile the data listed on our routine table of facets can be uncovered on the key periodic table page.

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