most of the civilization uses the metric system. The only nations not ~ above this device are the U.S., Myanmar, and Liberia.

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The metric device is based upon 10s. For example, 10 decimeters do a meter (39.37 inches).

Units smaller than a meter have actually Latin prefixes:

Deci- means 10; 10 decimeters make a meter. Centi- way 100; 100 centimeters make a meter. Milli- way 1,000; 1,000 millimeters do a meter.

Units larger than a meter have actually Greek prefixes:

Deka- means 10; a dekameter is 10 meters.Hecto- means 100; a hectometer is 100 meters.Kilo- means 1,000; a kilometre is 1,000 meters.Helpful Hints

Remember: A meter is a little more than a yard. A kilometer is less than a mile. A liter is a little more than a quart.

The Metric System


Unit Value
Kilometer (km) 1,000 Meters
Hectometer (hm) 100 Meters
Dekameter (dam) 10 Meters
Meter (m) 1 Meter
Decimeter (dm) 0.1 Meter
Centimeter (cm) 0.01 Meters
Millimeter (mm) 0.001 Meters


Unit Value
Kiloliter (kl) 1,000 Liters
Hectoliters (hl) 100 Liters
Dekaliters (dal) 10 Liters
Liter (l) 1 Liter(*)
Deciliter (dl) 0.10 Liters
Centiliter (cl) 0.01 Liters
Milliliter (ml) 0.001 Liters
* 1 liter + U.S. 1.057 quarts

Mass and also Weight

Unit Value
Metric Ton 1,000,000 Grams
Quintal (P) 100,000 Grams
Myriagram 10,000 Grams
Kilogram 1,000 Grams
Hectogram 100 Grams
Dekagram 10 Grams
Gram 1 Gram(*)
Decigram 0.10 Grams
Centigram 0.01 Grams
Milligrams 0.001 Grams
* 1 gram + U.S. 0.035 ounces

U.S. Weights and also Measures
Measurement and also Conversion
The global System (Metric)
Sources +
Our common Sources


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