There is a unique difference between the formal and also informal format in any kind of language, and also English is no different. That is quite typical to find that specific phrases only apply in specific situations, while other expressions and phrases are mostly used just in a official context, favor in contract or business.

You are watching: Including but not limited to meaning

“Including but not minimal to” method that the terms listed are not limited to the explicit concepts expressed in the statement. It is a expression most often used in legal files or binding contracts. Comma placement in the expression is many common before the “but” and after the “to”.

If you are drafting a legit or official document, making use of the exactly phrases and also wording is of the utmost prestige to get the appropriate point across and protect against loopholes. This post will explore the origin and also use the the expression, “including yet not limited to,” what that means, the punctuation that goes together with it, and how to correctly use it.

Punctuation of “Including however not limited To

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If you use the phrase “including yet not restricted to” for a an extremely short list of things, punctuating the actual phrase isn’t a grammar necessity.

However, if you usage it in addition to a an extremely long or facility list, you can use commas therefore the leader can much better understand what friend mean.

The indigenous “including” is a gerund, which means it is a verbal finishing in -ing. A verbal is a word based on a verb and, therefore, that is supplied to suggest an action or state the being.

Although gerunds regularly need little to no punctuation, that is usual to place a comma prior to a gerund prefer “including” (source).

Some instance sentences making use of a comma before the gerund “including”:

I have plenty of hobbies, including, yet not minimal to, steed riding, fencing, cricket, and painting.

My mother adores great artists, including, but not limited to, valve Gogh, Monet, and Dali.

Comma Use and also the Oxford Comma

Writers frequently use the Oxford comma, additionally known as the serial comma, in English with lengthy and complex sentences, such as lists because that items, which frequently occurs v the phrase “including however not minimal to.”

The Oxford comma’s objective is to suggest whether the 2 last things discussed in a list room two separate things or even if it is they are instances of the ahead thing.

No Oxford CommaI love my parents, Rihanna and also Sherlock Holmes.This way that the speaker loves their parents and that your parents space Rihanna and also Sherlock Holmes.
With Oxford CommaI love my parents, Rihanna, and also Garfield.This is a perform of world that includes parents, Rihanna, and Garfield, and the speaker loves all of them.

If you were speaking, you would not be able to see the point used and also would have to use the context of the sentence to deduce that meaning.

However, once writing, although the oxford comma is optional, it quickly clarifies the definition of a sentence and also makes it less complicated to check out (source).

When you’re making use of the expression “including however not restricted to,” you would most likely list a big number that items, for this reason the Oxford comma or serial comma would help with the readability of the sentence as a whole.

“Including but not minimal to” Comma Placement

We deserve to use commas in various methods to clarification the meaning and ease the readability of your sentence utilizing “including yet not minimal to.”

The first is come omit the use of commas entirely. This has actually the potential to make your sentence seem clumsy and also untidy if the includes an extensive list, yet it is not wrong. Consider the adhering to example:

The camp tasks include yet are not limited to team building, archery, and also fishing.

As you deserve to see from the over example, the only commas in use are in the yes, really list, however that’s since the list is short, and also the meaning is tho clear.

However, many people may uncover this writing layout clumsy, together it seems like a really lengthy sentence that does not market the reader any breaks.

Therefore, the better way to write a sentence using the expression “including yet not minimal to” would be to ar commas ~ the “including” and after the “to,” as in this example:

The camp activities include, yet are not limited to, team building, archery, and fishing.

This writing format offers the reader 2 breaks in a an extremely long sentence and, as a bonus, watch neat and also tidy.

When making use of commas to break up a sentence, the important thing to remember is that the first and critical parts have to still do sense even if you take the bit in between the commas away.

The camp activities include team building, archery, and fishing.

As you deserve to see, the sentence has retained its definition but is currently vaguer, and also the opportunity of other tasks isn’t together obvious.

That is why we use the complete phrase “including however not minimal to” — the “but not restricted to” implies there is much more to the list 보다 what is stated outright.

If you were to usage the Oxford comma, the wouldn’t change the sentence’s definition at all and would quiet be correct (source).

The camp tasks include team building, archery, and fishing.

The camp activities include, but are not restricted to, team building, archery, and fishing.

Using “Including but not minimal To” in a Sentence

As with any type of English phrase, “including however not restricted to” demands to have properly conjugated verbs depending on the context.

For this phrase specifically, you would certainly conjugate just the word “including,” however remember that the rest of the sentence requirements to it is in in line with the appropriate conjugations concerned the subject and also the noun.

Because “including but not minimal to” is often used with the word “is,” friend will need to conjugate the “is” together well. Let’s watch at how we conjugate verbs for “including however not restricted to” because that a singular or many subject.

ExampleThe English alphabet includes however is not restricted to the letters A, B, and also C.School tasks include yet are not minimal to hockey, netball, and basketball.
Explanation“Alphabet” is singular, so you usage “includes” and also “is.”“Activities” is plural, therefore you use “include” and also “are.”

Examples using “Including but not restricted To”

As we’ve discussed, the expression “including however not minimal to” deserve to be used to show that the things called in a specific list are component of other larger, and the larger thing may likewise include other items not mentioned.

Although the is a legal term, us can likewise use the phrase in everyday speech, particularly if you’re involved there is other you simply couldn’t think that at the moment however that girlfriend wouldn’t desire to exclude. Below are some sentence examples.

My reading list includes, yet is not restricted to, bother Potter, The Da Vinci Code, and Atonement.

The agency will also pay usual and also normal governmental expenses, including, yet not limited to, hotel stays, shuttles, and food.

Organizations, including, yet not limited to, businesses, unions, charities, and corporations, aren’t citizen and, therefore, can not vote.

Our itinerary includes yet is not limited to a zoo visit, a museum visit, and lunch at the deli.

I reap takeaways, including, however not limited to, KFC, Pizza Hut, and McDonald’s.

Origin and Applications the “Including yet not minimal To”

The phrase “including yet not limited to” source in the legit field and has since migrated to other main contexts where certain wording is important to cover any type of potential loopholes.

Although writers greatly use this phrase in a legitimate or contractual context, it can also be used in daily informal speech, return this isn’t a extensive occurrence.

Legal Use

When writing legal documents, exceptional care needs to be paid to native use, together ambiguous interpretations or interpretations can have catastrophic or i have lot of money impacts.

This is why seemingly redundant phrases such as “including yet not minimal to” are emerged specifically for contractual use.

Even despite the words “including” and “not limited to” are similar in meaning, it is vital in a legal paper definition to usage both together it limits the opportunity of ambiguity.

This means that utilizing “including” through itself deserve to lead to the knowledge that only what someone specifically proclaimed or laid out is included.

If you use both “including” and “not limited to,” this opens up the opportunity that the human drafting the record implies the consist of of a big range the items without the must list every solitary one of them.

For example, you could say that the alphabet contains the letter A, B, and also C. Friend will an alert that, back the other letters have been left out, the possibility remains that they are additionally included.

Still, the possibility also exists the the drafter on purpose left out the various other letters so as to exclude them.

If you to be to say that the alphabet includes however is not limited to the letters A, B, and C, girlfriend ensure the the others space included as well by default.

Although this is a generally used expression in legit jargon, certain judges might still take into consideration it vague if someone to be to an obstacle it.

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That means that, have to a appropriate case be made for it, a referee may ascendancy in donate of the the contrary party if they said that “including however not minimal to” was too vague together it did no specifically keep in mind down each of the items to be had (source).