l>The story the the atom. Atoms losing bits.

You are watching: If an element loses an electron what charge does it have?

logo3. Dividing atomspage 9Atoms shedding bitsThe electrons that whiz about outside the nucleus have a negative charge. Lock are organized in the atom through the confident charge of the nucleus. This electrostatic attraction is part of one of the an easy forces that nature – electromagnetism.

Interactive atom ending up being an ionPicture 3.1 A neutral atom the loses one electron i do not care a confident ion.Neutral atomsIn ordinary matter, the number of electrons in one atom is the very same as the variety of protons. The confident and negative charges balance each other. Overall, the atom is uncharged (neutral).

However, if something happens to do an atom shed or obtain an electron then the atom will no longer be neutral.

Atoms or ionsAn atom the gains or loser an electron i do not care an ion. If the gains a an adverse electron, it becomes a an adverse ion. If it loser an electron it becomes a positive ion (see web page 10 for much more on ions).

When a totality group of atom (usually as component of one insulator) get or shed electrons, this will cause static electrical energy (see web page 11 for more on electrostatics).

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navigation barQuestion 8Look in ~ the number of corpuscle in the atoms below. In every case, decide whether the atom is neutral or charged. In the critical four, friend will have to say whether it has become an ion and what the net fee is.elementsprotonselectronssodium1111please chooseneutralchargedsodium1110please chooseneutralchargedoxygen89please chooseneutralchargedoxygen88please chooseneutralchargediron2624please chooseatompositive ionnegative ioniron2623please chooseatompositive ionnegative ionhydrogen10please chooseatompositive ionnegative ionhydrogen11please chooseatompositive ionnegative ion