The story of David and also Goliath is an encouraging come anyone to human being of all ages, young and old. Over there are images of him together a little child fighting Goliath and as a young man, but which one is right? What to be David’s period when he combated Goliath?


David was Under 20

Numbers 1:3 – “From twenty years old and also upward, every that space able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number lock by their armies.”

– save in mind that every one of David’s brothers to be fighting in the army, however David wasn’t. Every males 20 and up dealt with in Israel’s army. Native this, we deserve to see the David to be under twenty years old due to the fact that he wasn’t in the army.

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David Was called a “Valiant man of War”

In 1 Samuel 16, David was anointed and called the youngest of every Jesse’s sons. However, in just in a couple of verses later, prior to he fought Goliath together “a youth”, that was referred to as a man. Examine this out:

1 Samuel 16:18 – “Then answered among the servants, and said, Behold, I have actually seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is shrewd in playing, and a mighty valiant man, and a male of war, and prudent in matters, and also a comely person, and also the mr is through him.”

– know that these 2 stories of 1Sam 16 and 1Sam 17 are not in chronological order. David wasn’t a male of war till after he battled Goliath. Infact, before David dealt with Goliath, he no have any war experience. So, chronologically, David to be anointed, he fought the giant, and then this story taken place where he play the harp because that Saul in 1Sam 16. This makes an ext sense if girlfriend look in ~ 1 Samuel 17:55-56.

David Was dubbed a Youth

1 Samuel 17:55-56 – “And once Saul witnessed David go forth against the Philistine, he stated unto Abner, the captain the the host, Abner, whose boy is this youth? and also Abner said, together thy spirit liveth, O king, i cannot tell. And the king said, Enquire you whose kid the stripling is.”

– If David had actually been playing harp because that Saul that whole time, of food Saul would have actually known who David was, and his appropriate hand male Abner (who would have checked David’s background because that Saul’s safety) would have actually as well. This also explains why he was called a mighty guy of battle at the time and a youth later. The factor why the author did not put the story in chronological order was to compare how the divine Spirit left Saul and came onto David after his anointing (1Sam 16). David was anointed and the holy Spirit come on him, Saul disobeyed God and the spirit left him.

– H5288: a young from the period of infancy come adolescence.

– H5958: a young man, a lad.

1 Samuel 17:33 – “And Saul stated to David, she art no able to go versus this Philistine to fight with him: because that thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.”

– This same word because that youth H5288 was applied to Ishmael as soon as he to be made to leave Abraham, somewhere between age 16-19. Abraham conceived Ishmael as soon as he to be 86 (Gen 16:16), conceived Isaac as soon as he to be 100 (Gen 21:5), and also when Isaac was weaned (Gen 21:8), which was most likely 2 year after he was born, Abraham made Ishmael leaving (Gen 21:14). That would certainly at least make Ishmael 16 or older. David was probably around the exact same age. It can be assumed that neither Ishmael nor David were old sufficient to flourish a beard.

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David’s Age

Jessee had 8 boy (1 Sam 18:12). The oldest 3 were twenty years old and older follow to numbers 1:3. At the youngest, the 3 oldest sons would have actually been 22, 21, and also 20 (unless they were triplets and also all twenty years old). The fourth oldest child didn’t offer in the army, which means at the oldest, the would need to be 19. That pipeline the 5 sons who didn’t join the army to be 19, 18, 17, 16, and 15 assuming the David’s mother had 1 kid a year. It’s also a possibility that David had elder twin brothers, which would potentially make him older 보다 15.