Cows significantly vary in load depending greatly on the breed and the age of the cow.According to phibìc Dakota State college data, the load ranges greatly for a usual herd. Yes no one mean number for all the each other combined, but… For now, let’s shot to answer the general question about the mean weight that a cow.How lot Does a Cow Weigh? In the US, the average weight that a maturation beef cow (such together Angus) is about 1,210 pounds, while the mean weight of an adult dairy product cow (such together Holstein) is around 1500 pounds. However, cow’s weight will substantially vary by breed.
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For example, Holstein dairy product cows are one of the bigger ones, and also usually weigh about 1,500 pounds completely grown, when Jersey dairy products cows room on the smaller sized side, weighing about 900 pounds top top average, as soon as full-grown.We deserve to separate the weights family member to the age and the each other of the cow, as presented below.If she looking to gain into beef productions business climate it’s vital to have the right equipment, such as feed bunks, hay feeders (portable also better), headgate, stop chute, functioning chute, and also a couple of other necessary items.Let’s look in ~ the cow’s weight much more precisely.
How much Does a Cow Weigh?How lot Does a Beef Cow Weigh?How much Does a dairy product Cow Weigh?How lot Does a Calf Weigh?Average Calf Weights by age (Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss)Average Calf Weights by age (Guernsey, Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn)How lot Does a Cow Weigh as soon as Butchered?How lot Meat do You gain From a Cow?How numerous Steaks in a Cow?Example 1)Example 2)Largest Cows in the WorldSmallest Cows in the World
How lot Does a Cow Weigh?Beef livestock (raised because that meat manufacturing primarily) and dairy cattle (raised for milk primarily) commonly weigh differently, but even among the beef or dairy products breeds us have vast differences.I’ve offered data indigenous research and calculations ~ above The Pennsylvania State University, phibìc Dakota State University and Wikipedia itself to gain the many accurate and also recent data around cow weights (by age and by gender).I’ve used this data to placed together tables the weights because that heifers (female calves) by month, and some data ~ above the significant breeds in US and also their median weights.Herders always weigh a cow in ~ weaning, i m sorry is the time when a calf is separated indigenous the mother. Ideally, this is in ~ 7-8 month old. Cows continue gaining weight until they reach 7 years of age, then they slowly lose weight till they leaving the herd.Weight the a cow depends largely on these factors:agebreedlocationnutritional historyindividual traitsThis means the weights can variety wildly, but, we have the right to still take it the averages to it is in useful, based upon the big available data set.These averages must be helpful, or at least, interesting to ponder about.For more information ~ above the each other of beef cattle, visit the Oklahoma State Beef breeds Directory.
How much Does a Beef Cow Weigh?A common beef cow such as Angus, weigh about 1210 lbs (550kb) for a maturation female, and around 1870 lbs (850 kg) because that bulls (on average). Because that a usual herd, this is no a very useful answer because the herd might consist the a range of cows by age and also breed.Cow load will substantially vary based upon many factors.Angus beef cow will be around 450-550 pounds once 6 months old, when a maturation heifer can weigh anywhere between 800 and also 1400 pounds. Heifer development is usually contrasted to breed standards to identify normal progress.Here is a perform of average weight of beef cows by breed (female):Angus – 1,210 pounds (550 kg)Hereford – 1,200 pounds (544 kg)Limousin – 1,650 pounds (750 kg)Brahman – 1,320 pounds (600 kg)Simmental – 1,300 pounds (590 kg)Shorthorn – 1,760 pounds (800 kg)Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6Males (bulls) are naturally a many heavier.Average weight of male beef cows by each other (bulls):Angus – 1,870 pounds (850 kg)Hereford – 1,800 pounds (816 kg)Limousin – 2,530 pounds (1150 kg)Brahman – 2,100 pounds (950 kg)Simmental – 2,500 pounds (1134 kg)Shorthorn – 2,100 pounds (950 kg)If you room looking to gain into beef production organization (or room there already) climate the general answer to a basic question is no that advantageous for you.What’s more important is the load of cows girlfriend are turning out to pasture.In suitable world, you’d desire to struggle 1150 lbs in 15-16 months for a common beef cow, but this would depend a lot on genetics and breed, and also is difficult to reach.How much do cows weigh in a usual herd?At NDSU Dickinson Research extension Center, they monitor cow load throughout the years, and here is the data indigenous a few years earlier on the weights the cows in the herd:
How lot Does a dairy products Cow Weigh?Depending ~ above the breed, a complete mature Holstein dairy cow weighs about 1,500 lbs (700 kg) ~ above average, a maturation Ayrshire weighs approximately 990 to 1,320 lbs, if the Jersey breed (being amongst the the smallest of the dairy breeds) weighs around 900 lbs (410kg) top top average.These room all (naturally) woman cow load examples, if the males usually weigh more.
How much Does a Calf Weigh?A calf is a young residential cattle, and also their weight easily grows every month.Calf at birth will certainly weigh around 82 pounds. A commercial command (bull calf) is meant to placed on about 71 to 79 lbs (32-36kg) per month, when a heifer puts on less, relying on the breed.I’ve looked more closely into dairy cow heifer weights through age, and got the data indigenous PennState Uni on heifer growth and also the average and recommended weights that the most well-known dairy cow each other in the US.
Average Calf Weights by age (Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss)
Average Calf Weights by period (Guernsey, Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn)
How much Does a Cow Weigh as soon as Butchered?For advertisement productions, cows weigh generally 900 come 1,350 pounds at slaughter. The average cattle weight at slaughter will depend on customer demands, which identify the age selection and load of cattle.Source: Dickinson research Extension center data on herds.For example, Angus beef cattle weigh approximately 1,200 pounds in ~ slaughter, through a carcass weight of 750 pounds (hanging weight, “on the rail”).However, cattle have sport in body size, and customer demands are always different. Some want meat native younger cows, together it is generally much more tender, and also some want veal meat, i beg your pardon is a meat indigenous a calf that is 6 month or younger.Average cow load at slaughter can therefore be ~ above any point of the spectrum that this variety of weights.The carcass dimension is relevant due to the fact that it is a driver of income.If you’re looking to acquire into beef production business, the sole resource of your revenue will come native calves created each year, which is why it is crucial that her cows create a calf at the very least every 12 months.Another important thing is to decision what kind of procedure you’re going come run. Several of the common ones are:cow/calfbackgrounding feeder calvesfeedlotWhatever you choose, there space plenty of resources out there that will aid you run your business successfully. You can start at PennState extension beef production guidelines.
How much Meat do You get From a Cow?According to South Dakota State college Extension, the supposed yield because that retail cuts from beef carcasses ranges from 55% to 75%, relying on the fatness, muscling that the animal, and also the kind of cuts you produce. The carcass weight is usually between 600 and also 900 pounds.Steaks generally come from a command (castrated male) or a heifer (female that hasn’t to be bred), when meat indigenous cows is commonly ground up right into processed meats.The united state beef sector is focused mostly on producing steers because that meat consumption.Dairy cows are much better utilized on producing milk, and because of your inability come dress out nicely (give big quantities of quality meat), cow is graded short by the USDA and normally goes come auction and also slaughter for processed meat.One the the many popular livestock breeds, Angus, has been provided for a lengthy time due to the fact that it provides lots of prime grade meat, great marbling, etc.How lot meat carry out you gain from a cow?Let’s take an example.If you begin with a 1,200 steer (a castrated male), which has a typical dressing of 63%, that’s about 750 pound carcass. Indigenous that, you will certainly get about 65% the carcass weight (on average), i beg your pardon is about 490 pounds that trimmed beef.If us calculate that versus live weight, you obtain an median of 40% of live weight, fatness being about 12% that live weight.The lot of meat you gain from cattle varies, and this is just an approximation.How much meat will a cow yield depends on the breed, age and also diet.
How plenty of Steaks in a Cow?Once again, for those unfamiliar, steaks typically come from steer (male cows) if the meat native female cows is generally ground up and also considered reduced grade.Let’s take a watch at 2 examples and the amount of meat you deserve to get.Example 1)If we use the example above for a 1,200 pounds steer, indigenous SDSU Extension, and also cut the carcass right into primarily boneless steaks and also roasts, we would obtain (on average):90 pounds that boneless lining roasts and also steaks (10-12% the carcass weight)85 pounds of round roasts and also steaks (10-12% of carcass weight)80 pounds the rib and loin steaks (10-12% that carcass weight)50 pounds of various other cuts (brisket, flank, brief ribs, dress steak)and 185 pounds of skinny trim, or ground beef (20-25% that carcass weight)For individual types of steak, you would certainly get:18 pounds of strip loin steaks (2.5%),9 pounds that tenderloin steaks or filets (2.5%),in general, much less than 3% per individual type of steakExample 2)Another example of 1,000 lb. As displayed by Oklahoma department of farming Food and Forestry gives similar results.Their mean hanging weight, likewise called “on the rail” is 61%, because that a 1,000 pounds steer, i m sorry is 610 lbs of beef. Further weight loss for meat accounts for 18%, which leaves you through 430 pounds that meat the would enter retail cuts (steaks, roasts, ground beef, etc.)Here is the quantity of retail cuts you would certainly get:Round (round steak, rump roast, sirloin pointer steak, etc.) – 103.2 lbsSirloin (sirloin steak, stew and also ground beef) – 38.7 lbsshort loin (porterhouse steak, T-bone steak) – 34.4 lbsflank (flank steak, brief ribs) – 17.2 lbsrib (rib eye steak, rib steaks, ago ribs) – 38.7 lbsshort plate (skirt steak, quick ribs) – 30.1 lbschuck (chuck roast or steak, arm roast) – 107.5 lbsbrisket – 25.8 lbsshank – 17.2 lbssuet & hanging tender – 17.2 lbsThese are just the averages, and also the yes, really live weight to retail cuts yield varies, depending on breed, fat to muscle ration, age, cutting order, etc.
Largest Cows in the WorldThe heaviest each other of a cow in the world is Chianina, which deserve to weigh as much as 3,500 pounds as soon as mature, or 1500kg.It is one of the oldest cattle breeds in the world and it’s use is dual-purpose: both for meat and for draught use (working animal). Chianina cows have very little milk come produce, barely sufficient for suckling.Second one largest is more than likely South Devon, i m sorry is the biggest of the British aboriginal breeds.
Smallest Cows in the WorldThe smallest breed that cows in the civilization is Dexter miniature cow, which weighs only 600 come 700 pounds because that mature bulls, or 272 come 318 kg.
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The Dexter breed originated in Ireland, then was brought to UK and also US. It then ultimately disappeared indigenous Ireland, yet was still preserved as a pure each other in a a variety of small herds in England and the US.Dexter cows space friendly, dual-purpose breed, supplied for milk and beef, however often also used for oxen, i m sorry is an pet used because that plowing, transport, threshing serial by trampling and powering equipments that grind serial or supply irrigation.Their adaptability is among their biggest assets, and they likewise produce a rich milk high in butterfat.