Use this calculator to estimate how much sand in volume (cubic ft, cubic yards, or cubic meters) or load (tons & pounds, tonnes and also kilograms) you would certainly need. It supplies conventional sand density.

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Calculating how much sand you need

Many builders and also gardeners are confronted with calculating or estimating the amount of sand they should fill a given an are with sand. Ours sand calculator is of an excellent utility in such cases, but you need to keep in mind the the results will only be as great as the measurements entered. The calculation process is together follows:

Estimate the volume the sand needed, utilizing geometrical formulas and plans or measurements.The approximate thickness of sand is 1600 kg/m3 (100 lb/ft3).Multiply the volume through the density (in the exact same units) to acquire the weight

There is finer and more coarse sand, so the density, measured for dry sand in kg per cubic meter or pounds every cubic feet, that your particular shipment might vary. For this reason, and due come potential loser / waste, friend should consider buying 5-6% much more sand 보다 estimated so you don"t operation just brief of what you require in the end.

Square or rectangular area

The volume formula for a rectangular (or square) crate in cubic feet is height(ft) x width(ft) x length(ft), as viewed in the figure below:


For example, to to fill a box through a broad of 3ft and also a size of 6ft, come a depth of 1ft, you should multiply 1ft x 3ft x 6ft = 18ft3 (cubic feet) that sand.

Round area

If the area you want to cover, or the form you want to to fill is round, the calculation is a little bit different:


The volume that a number with a round structure is its elevation times the area of its foundation. To calculate the foundation area we need its diameter, because the formula is π x r2, whereby r is the radius, or diameter/2.

Irregularly shaped area

In case the area you are calculating has actually an irregular form what you want to execute is divide it in several regularly-shaped sections, calculate their volume and also sand requirements and then amount them increase together. In situation you finish up needing to do this because that a huge number the sections, you could use our summation calculator.

Sand basics

Sand is a naturally occurring granular product which is composed of carefully divided rock and also mineral particles, rounded and also polished to a differing extent. Sand deserve to be assumed of together finer gravel, or coarser silt. In part cases, "sand" refers to a textural class of soil, the is - a floor which has an ext than 85% of its mass consisted of of sand-sized particles. Sand is a renewable resource in the lengthy run, however in person timescale that is virtually non-renewable. Sand is a major component of concrete and due to the high demand for concrete for construction, an ideal for concrete sand is likewise in high demand.

The most typical constituent that sand in inland continental settings and non-tropical coastal settings is silica quartz (silicon dioxide - SiO2). The 2nd most common kind of sand, mostly encountered in islands and near the sea, is calcium carbonate which is created by various life-forms, favor coral and also shellfish. The course, the specific composition will certainly vary depending upon local absent sources and also conditions during the development of the pebbles.


Sand for residential or garden usage is usually marketed in tiny packets of several pounds / kilograms, and also for larger projects in bags that 40, 60 or 80 lbs - 25kg or 50kg in Europe and other places. For construction work, concrete mixing, etc. It is offered by the tonne and comes in trucks.

types and qualities of sand

Contrary to what you might think, there is an ext than one type of sand, through the size of that pebbles and also it"s intended usage <2>. Choosing the right form and size is crucial, as part sands have actually a various application 보다 others.

Sand typesTypeDescription
20-30 Sandn-standard sand, graded to happen a 850μm sieve and also be retained on a 600μm sieve.
Graded Sandn-standard sand, graded between the 600μm sieve and also the 150μm sieve.
Standard Sandn-silica sand, composed practically entirely of normally rounded grains of virtually pure quartz (used because that mortars and testing of hydraulic cements).

Standard sand, in addition, shall be irradiate grey or whitish color, need to be free from silt and the grains must be angular, however a small percentage that flaky or rounded particles room permissible. Some manufacturers refer the grade and kind of the sand in various other ways, e.g. "river sand" (a.k.a. "sharp sand", "builder"s sand", "grit sand", "concrete sand"), "masonry sand", "M-10 sand" (granite sand), "play sand", every being finer and much more expensive than the ahead one.

What is the thickness of sand?

The density of common sand is 100 lb/ft3 (1600 kg/m3). This synchronizes to moderately wet sand and is the number supplied in the calculator.

How much does a yard3 that sand weigh?

A cubic yard of typical sand weighs about 2700 pounds or 1.35 tons. A square yard of a sandbox through a depth the 1 foot (30.48 cm) weighs around 900 pounds (410 kg) or slightly much less than half a ton. The water content of the sand is presume to be moderate.

How much does a cubic meter of sand weigh?

A cubic meter of common sand weighs 1,600 kilograms 1.6 tonnes. A square meter sandbox v a depth the 35 cm weighs around 560 kg or 0.56 tonnes. The number are derived using this sand calculator.

How much is a ton the sand?

A ton the sand is typically around 0.750 cubic yards (3/4 cu yd), or 20 cubic feet. Sand is assumed relatively damp, since including water have the right to increase or decrease the thickness of the sand considerably (e.g. If it to be raining or if you destruction up and leave sand under the sun so water evaporates).

How lot is a tonne the sand?

A tonne the moderately damp sand typically fills about 0.625 m3 (cubic meters). It deserve to be an ext or less thick depending top top water content and also the size of the sand particles.

Ton vs tonne, loads vs tonnes

When calculating the sand"s weight, make certain you carry out not confuse the tonne (metric ton) through the ton (short ton). The an initial one is offered by all countries in the world and also is defined to be same to 1000 kg through the international body the standardization. The ton is at this time only used in the united States and is same to 2000 pounds (2000 lbs). The difference between the two is not substantial but deserve to quickly include up come a far-ranging number together the quantity increases.

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<1> Krinsley D.H., Smalley I.J. (1972) "Sand", American Scientist 60:286-291

<2> ASTM C-778 - 17 "Standard Specification for standard Sand"

Cite this calculator & page

If you"d choose to cite this online calculator source and information as listed on the page, you deserve to use the adhering to citation: Georgiev G.Z., "Sand Calculator", obtainable at: URL .