Does and bucks from similar age great yield comparable amounts that venison. You most likely won’t see huge differences in meat yields until you can compare a maturation buck with the rest of the meat-pole crowd.

You are watching: How much do whitetail deer weigh

The usual Northern whitetail fawn, which includes “button bucks,” weighs about 55 to 75 pounds ar dressed, while a healthy and balanced doe fawn weighs 45 to 65 pounds ar dressed. Southern fawns weigh much less — in fact, sometimes much less than 30 pounds field dressed.

Yearling bucks, which selection from little spikes to basket-racked 10-pointers, commonly weigh 105 to 125 pounds.

The mean mature north doe will typically weigh 105 to 120 pounds field dressed.

For decades, some hunters have actually relied top top chest-girth charts to estimate live weights the deer. Unfortunately, together charts are often inaccurate due to the fact that — amongst other things — they don’t account because that fluctuations in the human body sizes of bucks before and after the rut. Most biologists placed no share in any kind of weight estimates based upon chest-girth measurements.

A hunter can attain a ball-park calculation of his deer’s live weight by multiplying its field-dressed weight by 1.28. My dad, Daniel J. Schmidt that Hubertus, Wisconsin, come up v this factor around 25 years ago after comparing the with number of chest-girth charts and processing hundreds of deer (his father, J.F. Schmidt, started a meat processing agency in 1930s that led to several generations that meat cutters).

The 1.28 proportion (or approximately 22 %) more than likely won’t pass muster v biologists, but we live in the genuine world. For that matter, it need to be good enough for deer-camp comparisons. Because that example, a yearling buck through a field-dressed load of 125 pounds will have an approximated live load of 160 pounds.

Venison Misconceptions

By misjudging field-dressed weights the whitetails, hunters often have unrealistic expectation of just how much wild they have to receive from your butcher. Many facets combine to identify venison yields. Although a neck-shot mature buck can yield a huge amount the steaks, chops, hamburger and also stew meat, the quantity of meat appears minuscule when compared to the meat productivity of domestic animals.

All animals are developed a little different. For hogs, nearly everything is supplied – bacon, hocks, etc. A deer has long legs with small meat on them, vice versa, steers have actually the very same bone structure (but with more meat). It’s the muscle and fat that make them different.

Although it would be practically to to speak a deer’s meat yield is equal to 50 percent that its field-dressed weight, the wouldn’t be completely accurate. A buck’s problem plays a big role in exactly how much boneless wild it will certainly yield.

Meat yields (In Pounds)

Black Angus60043816273%
Holstein Steer90051338757%
Mature Buck1807210840%

*Carcass weight. Head, hide and also intestines removed

**University the Wisconsin research


The Equation for wild Yield

Hunters can learn more about their deer and how much venison it will certainly yield by first obtaining an accurate field-dressed weight. This figure helps determine the deer’s carcass weight – the deer’s body weight minus its head, hide and also innards. Native there, it’s straightforward to calculate just how much venison is ~ above the carcass.

It’s important to note that this equation assumes the no part of the deer is lost to waste from organization damage. Obviously, a deer enduring bullet – or come a lesser extent, arrowhead – damage to that is back, hams, shoulders or neck will certainly yield substantially much less venison. Therefore, it consists of calculations for “ideal” meat yield – the maximum quantity of meat top top a deer through nothing being shed to waste, and a “realistic” meat productivity – the lot of meat a hunter deserve to expect to receive after subtracting the pounds that meat lost to bullet/broadhead damage.

The equation does no account because that meat that should be eliminated after being ruined by stomach components or overexposure to warm weather.

Remember, to use the equation, an initial obtain an accurate field-dressed weight.

How lot Does that Weigh?

Mature white-tailed deer can be heavy, however much of your weight is distributed in non-meat areas. Right here are some examples of just how weight is spread in northern deer. (live weights in parenthesis)

Hide Factor

Fawn: (100 pounds) 6.7 percentAdult doe: (140 pounds) 7.9 percentAdult buck (160 pounds) 8.7 percentBucks: an ext than 160 pounds 9 percent

Bone Factor

Fawn: (100 pounds) 13.8 percentAdult doe: (140 pounds) 13 percentAdult buck (160 pounds) 12.4 percentBucks: more than 160 pounds 11.7 percent

Blood Factor

Fawn: (100 pounds) 6 percentAdult doe: (140 pounds) 5 percentAdult buck (160 pounds) 5 percentBucks: an ext than 160 pounds 5 percent

Using this guide as one example, a 180-pound buck would have 16.2 pounds the hide, 21.06 pounds the bones and 9 pounds the blood. Unfortunately, it’s an overwhelming to calculation the live weight of a deer if it has actually been field-dressed because the load of a deer’s innards varies depending upon its health and diet.

— Pennsylvania State University, room of pet Science and also the Pennsylvania video game Commission, 1968

Carcass weight
= Field-dressed weight split by 1.331Ideal boneless venison weight= Carcass weight multiplied by .67Realistic venison yield= ideal boneless load multiplied through .70

Let’s say a hunter death a maturation buck, and it weighs 165 pounds field-dressed. Using the over equation, we calculation its carcass will weigh 124 pounds, and it will certainly ideally yield 83.08 pounds that boneless meat. The deer’s reality meat yield is around 58.15 pounds.

Because waste deserve to vary in between deer, we imply using the “realistic” figure as a gauge. In the above example, the buck’s reality meat yield would certainly range form 58 to 68 pounds. A 10-pound distinction doesn’t seem like lot when taking care of a big deer , however it’s noticeable as soon as the deer is a fawn or yearling.

That’s a totality lot of wild for burger, bratwurst, snack sticks and also summer sausage! (photo by Dan Schmidt)

So, making use of these recipe on my big doe from critical week, we get these results:

Doe 1:

Field-dressed weight = 156 pounds

Carcass weight = 117.2 pounds

Ideal boneless venison weight + 78.5 pounds

Realistic wild yield = 55 pounds.

Doe 2:

Field-dressed load + 125 pounds

Carcass load = 93.9 pounds

Ideal boneless venison weight = 62.9 pounds

Realistic wild yield = 44.0 pounds

As you have the right to tell, the realistic yield is really conservative. Combined, both of those deer should have realistically yielded 99.04 pounds the boneless venison. The an extremely best scenario would have lugged the number in at 141 pounds.

Thankfully, the shots and also field dressing efforts were virtually perfect. I had actually both deer processed by a friend (who wake up to it is in a experienced butcher), and although us did not separate the two deer, us did weigh all of the boneless venison after it was wrapped and frozen. Combined, these 2 deer netted my family 124 pounds of wild — not fairly “ideal” but also quite a bit better than the reality number.

See more: What Do Muscle Relaxers Show Up On A Drug Test, Does Methocarbamol Show Up On A Drug Test

Weighing in at 125 and 156 pounds respectively, my two does from critical week an unified to sweet 281 pounds (field dressed). (photo by Dan Schmidt)

Venison Conclusions

In most cases, hunters will most likely see tiny difference in meat yields between the deer lock shoot. Does and also bucks from similar age class yield comparable amounts of venison. In fact, don’t suppose to see large differences in her net wild yield unless you’re comparing fairly young deer through a big, mature, deep-chested buck.