Element Mercury - Hg

Comprehensive data ~ above the chemical facet Mercury is noted on this page; consisting of scores of properties, aspect names in countless languages, most well-known nuclides of Mercury. Usual chemical compounds space also noted for plenty of elements. In addition technical terms are attached to their definitions and the menu includes links to related short articles that room a good aid in one"s studies.

You are watching: How many valence electrons are in mercury

Mercury Menu

Mercury page OneOverview that MercuryMercury"s surname in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of MercuryChemical nature of MercuryPhysical properties of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesMercury web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds the Mercury

Overview the Mercury

Atomic Number: 80Group: 12Period: 6Series: change Metals

Mercury"s surname in other Languages

Latin: HydrargyrumCzech: Rtut´Croatian: ŽivaFrench: MercureGerman: Quecksilber - eItalian: MercurioNorwegian: KvikksølvPortuguese: MercúrioRussian: РгутьSpanish: MercurioSwedish: KvicksilverAtomic structure of MercuryAtomic Radius: 1.76ÅAtomic Volume: 14.82cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.49ÅCross Section (Thermal spirit Capture) σa/barns: 374Crystal Structure: Rhombohedral
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10f14 5s2p6d10 6s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,18,32,18,2Shell Model
Ionic Radius:
1.02ÅFilling Orbital: 5d10 Number of electron (with no charge): 80Number of neutron (most common/stable nuclide): 121Number of Protons: 80Oxidation States: 2,1Valence Electrons: 6s2Electron period Model

Chemical properties of Mercury

Electrochemical Equivalent:
3.742g/amp-hrElectron work-related Function: 4.49eVElectronegativity: 2 (Pauling); 1.44 (Allrod Rochow)Heat the Fusion: 2.295kJ/molIncompatibilities:Acetylene, ammonia, chlorine dioxide, azides, calcium (amalgam formation), salt carbide, lithium, rubidium, copperIonization PotentialFirst: 10.437Second: 18.759Third: 34.202Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 28.2

Physical properties of Mercury

Atomic fixed Average: 200.59Boiling Point: 630K 357°C 675°FCoefficient that lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 181E-6 ConductivityElectrical: 0.0104 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.0834 W/cmKDensity: 13.546g/cc
300KDescription:Silver fancy liquid shift metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 25/GPaEnthalpy the Atomization: 61.5 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy of Fusion: 2.29 kJ/moleEnthalpy of Vaporization: 56.9 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Noncombustible LiquidFreezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleMohs: 1.5Heat of Vaporization: 59.229kJ/molMelting Point: 234.43K -38.72°C -37.7°FMolar Volume: 14.81 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 73%Optical Refractive Index: 1.000933Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): LiquidSpecific Heat: 0.139J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.0002Pa

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7439-97-6UN/NA ID and also ERG guide Number2809 / 172RTECS: OV4550000OSHA allow Exposure limit (PEL)Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential for skin absorptionNIOSH encourage Exposure limit (REL)TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential because that skin absorptionIDLH: 10 mg/m3 Routes the Exposure: Inhalation; Skin absorption; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory tract system, main nervous system, kidneysLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents normally occuring levels of elements in the typical human, it DOES NOT represent recommended everyday allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.0078Bone/p.p.m: 0.45Liver/p.p.m: 0.018-3.7Muscle/p.p.m: 0.02-0.7Daily dietary Intake: 0.004-0.02 mgTotal fixed In Avg. 70kg human: 6 mg

Who / where / once / How

Discoverer: well-known to ancient civilizationDiscovery Location: UnknownDiscovery Year: UnknownName Origin:From the Greek god Mercury that was the messenger come the gods and was recognized for his speed; Hg from mercury"s Latin name Hydrargyrum, which originates from the Greek native "hydrargyros" ("hydor" because that water and "argyros" because that silver).Abundance of Mercury:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.05Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 4.9E-07Atlantic Deep: 4.9E-07Pacific Surface: 3.3E-07Pacific Deep: 3.3E-07Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 125Sources the Mercury:Most mercury comes from cinnabar ore. Annual world production is roughly 8,400 tons. Major mining locations are Spain, Italy, Yugoslavia.Uses the Mercury:Used in thermometers, barometers, fluorescent lamps and batteries.Additional Notes:Causes neurological and kidney damage and also blindness. Additionally associated v birth defects. Really damaging to aquatic life. That is found in paint, batteries, thermometers, electrical equipment, fluorescent lights and plastics. Likewise used in yellow mining industry. Battery account for 88% of the mercury contents in municipal hard waste.

Mercury Menu

Mercury web page OneOverview that MercuryMercury"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of MercuryChemical nature of MercuryPhysical properties of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesMercury page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds of Mercury


A perform of referral sources supplied to translate into the data listed on our regular table of facets can be found on the key periodic table page.

Related Resources

Anatomy of the AtomAnswers many questions concerning the structure of atoms.Molarity, Molality and NormalityIntroduces stoichiometry and also explains the differences between molarity, molality and also normality.Molar mass Calculations and also Javascript CalculatorMolar mass calculations space explained and also there is a JavaScript calculator to help calculations.Chemical DatabaseThis database focuses on the most usual chemical compounds offered in the home and also industry.

Citing this page

If you require to cite this page, you deserve to copy this text:

Linking come this page

If you would like to link to this page from her website, blog, etc., copy and paste this link code (in red) and also modify it come suit her needs:

echo regular Table of Elements: Mercury - Hg (rebab.net)- comprehensive information for the element Mercury - Hg is detailed by this page consisting of scores of properties, facet names in countless languages, most well-known nuclides and technical state are attached to their definitions..

NOTICE: when linking to write-ups is encouraged, OUR short articles MAY no BE replicated TO OR REPUBLISHED ON another WEBSITE UNDER any type of CIRCUMSTANCES.

PLEASE, if you prefer an post we published simply link to the on our website do not republish it.

25 year on the web


Please re-publishing and/or link To This Page

Please share and/or connect to this page if you find it beneficial or informative.


We room a good educational resource! use online or print pages out together classroom handouts. More info.

See more: Average Gallon Of Gas Weight Of A Gallon Of Gas Weigh? How Much Does A Gallon Of Gasoline Weigh

Career Listings

Biology careers in CAChemical design careers in CAChemistry careers in CAEcologists careers in CAEducation careers in CAEnvironmental careers in CAEnvironmental chemistry careers in CAEnvironmental Compliance careers in CAEnvironmental Consultant careers in CAEnvironmental design careers in CAEnvironmental regulation careers in CAForestry careers in CAGIS careers in CAGovernment careers in CAHealth & security careers in CARegulatory Compliance careers in CARisk management careers in CAScience careers in CA
Biology careers in UKChemical design careers in UKChemistry careers in UKEcologists careers in UKEducation careers in UKEnvironmental careers in UKEnvironmental Consultant careers in UKEnvironmental design careers in UKEnvironmental legislation careers in UKGIS careers in UKHazardous Materials/Waste careers in UKHealth & safety careers in UKRegulatory Compliance careers in UKRisk administration careers in UKScience careers in UK
Biomedical design careers in USChemical design careers in USChemistry careers in USConservation careers in USEcologists careers in USEmergency administration careers in USEnvironmental Careers careers in USEnvironmental Analyst careers in USEnvironmental chemists careers in USEnvironmental Compliance careers in USEnvironmental Consultant careers in USEnvironmental engineering careers in USEnvironmental law careers in USEnvironmental to plan careers in USHealth & safety careers in USNatural resources careers in USNature conservation careers in USRegulatory Compliance careers in USRisk management careers in USSchool Principals careers in US
Job Listing Search:All CategoriesAccountingAdmin & ClericalBankingBiotechBroadcast/JournalismBusiness DevelopmentConstructionConsultantCustomer ServiceDesignDistribution/ShippingEducationEngineeringExecutiveFacilitiesFinanceGeneral BusinessGovernmentHealth CareHuman ResourcesInformation TechnologyInsuranceInventoryLegalManagementManufacturingMarketingNursePharmaceuticalProfessional ServicesPurchasing/ProcurementQA/Quality ControlResearchSalesScienceSupply ChainTelecommunicationsTrainingTransportationWarehouseCanadaIndiaU.K.U.S.


Periodic TableNitrogen Dioxide, Ozone & Lead partner to boost Pollution risks to urban ChildrenInstalling a low circulation showerhead (70s house Eco renovation series)

Go Green

RedecoratingPainting WallsReplacing CarpetsUpdating irradiate FixturesBathroom RenovationInstalling a low circulation showerhead switching to Renewable EnergyBuying local clean strength electricityKitchen remodeling - coming in 2010 or 2011Weatherization - Coming so late 2009Energy AuditRevised ROI Calculations

Environmental Issues

ADA recommendation for Fluoride in child DietsAsbestosAsbestos, a Brief history its provides & health and wellness RisksAsbestos, its chemistry & physics PropertiesAsbestos: A Manufacturing health and wellness Hazard dating to ancient TimesDry-Cleaning ChemicalsLooking Good, feeling Bad; or, What"s the difficulty with Perc?Are there Realistic Dry-Cleaning alternatives to Perc?DuPont"s Teflon Cover-upNeurodevelopmental disorders in Children: Autism & ADHDPCBs in the food you loveSeafood SafetyMercury in Fish vs. The benefits of Fish OilsNorwegian Farmed Salmon Raises worldwide ConcernThe dangers of Lawn chemistry at Home
Biofueling come the futureCO2 air pollution and an international WarmingCompact Fluorescent lights (CFLs): space They worth the Switch?Global trends in Energy modern technology InnovationHydrogen Fuel Cells: energy of the Future
ChernobylChernobyl RevisitedAgricultural and also Environmental ImpactA transforming PointFrom Bhopal to Hazardous rubbish ComplianceLove Canal NY: Grownups Don"t do Blue GooNew Orleans, Hurricane Katrina & the Oil Industry
Environmental Justice and also the NIMBY PrinciplePrairie Dogs: tiny mammal, large controversyPrairie Dogs: A Threatened types or Public wellness Nuisance?Prairie Dog Control: Non-Lethal TechniquesPrairie Dog Control: Lethal TechniquesCan Prairie dogs be managed Utilizing Reconciliation Ecology?Pseudoscience: A risk to ours EnvironmentSorting out science from Junk Science
Effects the Air contamination on your healthClean Air act Contributing to Mercury ProblemNitrogen Dioxide, Ozone & Lead companion to boost Pollution risks to metropolitan ChildrenThe Heat dealing with Outdoor Wood heaters & Boilers
PCBs in new York"s Hudson RiverIncreased Mercury level Attributed to commercial ActivitiesEnvironmental air pollution of the Concord River
Guide to managing Household ChemicalsHow Well do You recognize Recycled Paper?Protecting Wildlife from TrashPlastics - from Recycling Bin to new ProductRoHS: Europe"s Initiative to Control technical WasteTreatment that Biohazardous WasteThe history of Waste


Anatomy the the AtomThe Chemistry of Polychlorinated BiphenylsMolar mass Calculations and Molecular load CalculatorStoichiometry: Molarity, Molality and also NormalityWhat girlfriend Do and also Don"t Know about Fluorine
Chemical DatabaseChemistry DictionaryPeriodic Table of ElementsSort regular table by: select orderAtomic RadiusBoiling PointCovalent RadiusCross SectionCrystal StructureDensityElectrical ConductivityEletronegativityFreezing PointHeat the VaporizationIonic RadiusIonization PotentialMass AverageMelting PointNamePeriodic TableSeriesSymbolThermal ConductivityYear that Discovery

Hazardous Materials

Guide to managing Household ChemicalsThe dangers of Lawn chemicals at Home
Emergency an answer Guidebook (ERG)List materials byUN NumberMaterial Name49CFR USDOT Hazardous materials TableUSDOT HazMat Placards pick Class/Div.1 Explosives2 Compressed Gas3 Flammable Liquid4 Flammable Solids5 Oxidizers6.1 Poisons7 Radioactives8 Corrosives9 MiscellaneousRelated MarkingsPlacarding QuizUSDOT HazMat Placards CD & training modulesExceptions, Exemptions and VariancesFMCSA HazMat Transportion permit System