Element Mercury - Hg

Comprehensive data ~ above the chemical facet Mercury is noted on this page; consisting of scores of properties, aspect names in countless languages, most well-known nuclides of Mercury. Usual chemical compounds space also noted for plenty of elements. In addition technical terms are attached to their definitions and the menu includes links to related short articles that room a good aid in one"s studies.

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Mercury Menu

Mercury page OneOverview that MercuryMercury"s surname in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of MercuryChemical nature of MercuryPhysical properties of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesMercury web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds the Mercury

Overview the Mercury

Atomic Number: 80Group: 12Period: 6Series: change Metals

Mercury"s surname in other Languages

Latin: HydrargyrumCzech: Rtut´Croatian: ŽivaFrench: MercureGerman: Quecksilber - eItalian: MercurioNorwegian: KvikksølvPortuguese: MercúrioRussian: РгутьSpanish: MercurioSwedish: KvicksilverAtomic structure of MercuryAtomic Radius: 1.76ÅAtomic Volume: 14.82cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.49ÅCross Section (Thermal spirit Capture) σa/barns: 374Crystal Structure: Rhombohedral
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Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10f14 5s2p6d10 6s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,18,32,18,2Shell Model
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Ionic Radius:
1.02ÅFilling Orbital: 5d10 Number of electron (with no charge): 80Number of neutron (most common/stable nuclide): 121Number of Protons: 80Oxidation States: 2,1Valence Electrons: 6s2Electron period Model
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Chemical properties of Mercury

Electrochemical Equivalent:
3.742g/amp-hrElectron work-related Function: 4.49eVElectronegativity: 2 (Pauling); 1.44 (Allrod Rochow)Heat the Fusion: 2.295kJ/molIncompatibilities:Acetylene, ammonia, chlorine dioxide, azides, calcium (amalgam formation), salt carbide, lithium, rubidium, copperIonization PotentialFirst: 10.437Second: 18.759Third: 34.202Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 28.2

Physical properties of Mercury

Atomic fixed Average: 200.59Boiling Point: 630K 357°C 675°FCoefficient that lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 181E-6 ConductivityElectrical: 0.0104 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.0834 W/cmKDensity: 13.546g/cc
300KDescription:Silver fancy liquid shift metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 25/GPaEnthalpy the Atomization: 61.5 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy of Fusion: 2.29 kJ/moleEnthalpy of Vaporization: 56.9 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Noncombustible LiquidFreezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleMohs: 1.5Heat of Vaporization: 59.229kJ/molMelting Point: 234.43K -38.72°C -37.7°FMolar Volume: 14.81 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 73%Optical Refractive Index: 1.000933Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): LiquidSpecific Heat: 0.139J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.0002Pa
-38.72°C

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7439-97-6UN/NA ID and also ERG guide Number2809 / 172RTECS: OV4550000OSHA allow Exposure limit (PEL)Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential for skin absorptionNIOSH encourage Exposure limit (REL)TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential because that skin absorptionIDLH: 10 mg/m3 Routes the Exposure: Inhalation; Skin absorption; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory tract system, main nervous system, kidneysLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents normally occuring levels of elements in the typical human, it DOES NOT represent recommended everyday allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.0078Bone/p.p.m: 0.45Liver/p.p.m: 0.018-3.7Muscle/p.p.m: 0.02-0.7Daily dietary Intake: 0.004-0.02 mgTotal fixed In Avg. 70kg human: 6 mg

Who / where / once / How

Discoverer: well-known to ancient civilizationDiscovery Location: UnknownDiscovery Year: UnknownName Origin:From the Greek god Mercury that was the messenger come the gods and was recognized for his speed; Hg from mercury"s Latin name Hydrargyrum, which originates from the Greek native "hydrargyros" ("hydor" because that water and "argyros" because that silver).Abundance of Mercury:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.05Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 4.9E-07Atlantic Deep: 4.9E-07Pacific Surface: 3.3E-07Pacific Deep: 3.3E-07Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 125Sources the Mercury:Most mercury comes from cinnabar ore. Annual world production is roughly 8,400 tons. Major mining locations are Spain, Italy, Yugoslavia.Uses the Mercury:Used in thermometers, barometers, fluorescent lamps and batteries.Additional Notes:Causes neurological and kidney damage and also blindness. Additionally associated v birth defects. Really damaging to aquatic life. That is found in paint, batteries, thermometers, electrical equipment, fluorescent lights and plastics. Likewise used in yellow mining industry. Battery account for 88% of the mercury contents in municipal hard waste.

Mercury Menu

Mercury web page OneOverview that MercuryMercury"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of MercuryChemical nature of MercuryPhysical properties of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesMercury page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds of Mercury

References

A perform of referral sources supplied to translate into the data listed on our regular table of facets can be found on the key periodic table page.

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