Take a look in ~ the photo below. Every of those fancy balls is one electron. In one atom, the electrons spin about the center, likewise called the nucleus. The electrons favor to it is in in separate shells/orbitals. Shell number one have the right to only host 2 electrons, shell two deserve to hold 8, and for the an initial eighteen aspects shell three deserve to hold a best of eight electrons. Together you learn about elements with much more than eighteen electrons you will uncover that covering three deserve to hold more than eight. As soon as one covering is full, the following electron the is added has to move to the next shell.So... Because that the facet of NITROGEN, you already know the the atomic number speak you the number of electrons. That method there room 7 electrons in a nitrogen atom. Looking in ~ the picture, you deserve to see there space two electrons in covering one and also five in covering two.

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► much more about the background and areas to find nitrogen.► Next aspect of the routine table.
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AmmoniaThis is an ammonia molecule through the formula, NH3. Researchers use the surname "ammonia", the same means they contact H2O "water". In this compound, three hydrogen (H) atom share their electrons with the nitrogen (N) atom. This means the nitrogen has a filled outer shell and also the hydrogens have two electrons to fill their shells.

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Nitrogen TrichlorideNitrogen can integrate with 3 chlorine (Cl) atoms, creating nitrogen trichloride, or NCl3. Nitrogen shares its electrons v the chlorine atoms, so every one of the atoms have their shells filled.Take a look in ~ the dots around the atoms. All of them now have eight electrons, and a filled external shell!
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Cyanogen ChlorideHere"s other new! We have three different elements here, carbon, nitrogen, and also chlorine. That"s no special, but the method they combine is! Look in ~ the carbon and also the nitrogen, they space sharing six electrons!When 2 atom share 2 electrons, that"s a single bond. If castle share 4 it"s a dual bond. Fine these two space sharing six, that"s a triple bond. It"s extremely strong and powerful. It would take a most work to different the C and also the N!One an ext thing! since the bond between carbon and also nitrogen is therefore strong, scientists speak to them "cyanogen" rather of carbon-nitrogen. Scientists recognize that cyanogen is always CN.
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