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Mare and also Foal Grazing

Stocking rates administer information ~ above how numerous horses a pasture can lug in a month. In general, the almost right pasture needs per average-sized mature horse, through pasture offering most, if no all, of the nutrition is:

1 - 2 acres with an excellent, dense sod, irreversible pasture2 - 2.5 acres with an typical permanent pasture (spring growth will it is in OK yet summer forage is average)3+ acres v a thin, negative sod the is unmanaged (supplemental forage will likely be needed)

Depending on the pasture and also how it is regulated supplemental hay and/or grain may be required to satisfy a horse"s requirements. To evaluate the existing forage and also how countless horses one can keep top top pasture the stocking price takes right into account the following:

Forage speciesSeason the yearEnvironmental moistureFertilizationLength the time steeds have access to pasture

Table 1 list the forage needs for one pet unit variable or one horse. For example, a mature equine at maintenance calls for 0.9 animal unit factors. Table 2 gives values for each month on how many pets a specific kind of pasture will lug for one month. If forage is not listed, one have the right to use a value for a forage the is comparable and calculate the fall rate. Table 2 is additionally divided into constant grazing and rotational grazing. Continuous grazing is wherein the pasture is grazed for prolonged amount that time v no or infrequent rest to the plants from grazing. Rotational grazing is relocating grazing livestock between pastures or paddocks as necessary or ~ above a continual basis.

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Table 1. Steed Needs pet Unit Factors1

Livestock Description

Animal Unit Factor

Horses – maturation maintenance

0.9

Horses – mares, mid-gestation

0.9

Horses – mares, late gestation

1.0

Horses – mares first - 3rd-month lactation

1.2

Horses – mares, late lactation

1.1

Horses – weanlings 4 - 6 months

0.5

Horses – weanlings 6 - 12 months

0.8

Horses – 18 - 24 months

0.9

Horses – irradiate work

1.0

Horses – moderate work

1.1

Horses – hefty work

1.2

Horses – stallions

1.0

1A horse’s maximum entry is limited to 3% of human body weight. A much more complete ration because that lactating mares, weanlings, yearlings and also horses performing moderate and intense practice should encompass concentrate

Table 2. Total animal Unit month of forage for selected Pasture kind and its accessibility by Month during the Grazing Season

Pasture/Forage Type1

Jan2

Feb2

March2

April2

May2

June2

July2

Aug2

Sept2

Oct2

Nov2

Dec2

Total

Continuous Grazing

Unimproved bluegrass

Improved bluegrass + orchardgrass

Improved bluegrass + N or Legume

Trefoil-grass

Unimproved orchard/bromegrass

Orchard or brome + N or Legume

Tall Fescue + N or Legume

Alfalfa-grass

Alfalfa/Grass - one reduced then graze

Alfalfa/Grass - 2 cuts climate graze

Rotation Grazing

Improved bluegrass -4 paddocks

Improved orchard/brome -4 paddocks

Improved orchard/brome -8 paddocks

Birdsfoot Trefoil - Grass4 paddocks

Birdsfoot Trefoil – Grass8 paddocks

Alfalfa – Grass8 paddocks

0.6

0.6

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.1

2

0.1

0.85

0.85

0.45

0.25

0.3

0.2

3

0.2

1.1

1.1

0.6

0.3

0.4

0.3

4

0.8

1.1

1.1

1.1

0.5

0.4

5

0.2

1.1

1.1

0.6

0.3

0.4

0.3

4

0.5

1.5

1.5

0.8

1.2

1.0

6.5

0.5

1.5

1.4

0.6

1.2

1.6

6.8

1.4

1.4

1.0

1.0

0.6

0.5

0.1

6.0

1.2

1.2

0.5

0.5

0.1

3.5

1.0

0.4

0.4

1.8

0.3

1.4

1.3

0.8

0.4

0.5

0.3

5.0

0.5

1.7

1.7

0.9

0.5

0.5

1.0

0.8

7.6

0.5

1.8

1.8

1.0

0.6

0.5

1.1

0.9

8.2

0.2

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.2

0.6

0.5

6.0

0.2

1.2

1.3

1.3

1.3

0.6

0.6

6.5

0.5

1.7

1.6

1.1

1.0

0.6

0.6

0.4

7.5

1N = Nitrogen2Animal Unit Months because that Each Forage Type

How to calculation Stocking Rates

Example - You very own 3 horses. The steeds are offered for irradiate trail riding throughout the spring, summer, and fall months. The equines are housed on 10 acres.

List the type of equines in column 1. Go into mature horses, light practice for sort of livestock.List the AU aspect from Table 1. The AU element for a mature equine light work = 1.0Multiply obelisk 2 (number that horses) * tower 3 (AU Factor) = tower 4 (Animal units). The variety of horses is 3 and the AU variable from table 1 is 1.0. Main point 3 x 1.0 = 3 pet units. Location 3.0 in the matching month’s column.Add each obelisk to provide the total animal Unit month of forage needed. Because that example, in the month of May, the forage in the pasture requirements to it is provided 3.0 AUM"sChoose the type of forage. In this example, unimproved bluegrass is compared to rotational boosted orchard/brome paddocks. Place acreage own under acres.Calculate AUM because that the quantity of acreage one owns.Unimproved bluegrass 10 acre * 0.6 (AUM indigenous table 2 because that the month the May) = 6Improved orchard/brome 4 paddocks 10 acres * 0.5 (AUM native table 2 for the month of April) = 5Continue v acreage * AUM indigenous table 2Add the complete AUM the acreage gives for the cultivation season. Unimproved bluegrass = 21; improved orchard/brome = 76sadCompareOnce the tables are complete compare what the equines need matches what the forage produces per grazing month. For example 3 steeds grazing in the month of might requires 3 AUMs to exclusively feed lock on pasture. An unimproved bluegrass pasture in the month of may supplies 6 AUMs i beg your pardon exceeds the needs of the 3 horses. Because that the month that September, only 2 AUMs are offered with 10 acres of unimproved bluegrass denote the steeds will need supplemental feed to fulfill their requirements. Because that a rotational improved orchard/bromegrass pasture, 17 AUMs are listed in the month the May and 5 AUMs in the month the September. Therefore, if the pasture was split into a rotational grazing system, the 10 acres would fulfill the 3 horses" nutritional needs from April v November there is no supplemental feed. Overabundance pasture should be regulated either by baling or mowing the pasture.Table 3.

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Calculated animal Unit Factors

Kind the Livestock

Number1

AU Factor

Animal devices 3

Jan4

Feb4

March4

April4

May4

June4

July4

Aug4

Sept4

Oct4

Nov.4

Dec4

Mature, light Exercise

Total AUMS the Forage Needed

3

1.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

1Enter number of each sort of livestock2AU element = value from table one for sort of livestock3Animal units = Number in pillar 2 x AU factor in tower 34Animal units to be lugged each month, enter the total animal units as displayed in pillar 4 that will certainly be ~ above hand each month

Table 4. Calculated pet Unit months of forage for selected Pasture kind and its ease of access by Month during the Grazing Season

Kind of Forage1

Acres2

Jan.3

Feb.3

March3

April3

May3

June3

July3

Aug.3

Sept.3

Oct.3

Nov.3

Dec.3

Total AUM4

Unimproved bluegrass

Improved orch/brome -4 paddocks

10

6

6

3

3

2

1

21

10

5

17

17

9

5

5

10

8

76

1List type of forage2List the number of acres3Animal Unit Months every Acre = AUM every acre = acre in tower 2 x AUM per acre because that each month provided in Table 2.4AUM = acre in pillar 2 x complete AUMs because that each type of pasture as displayed in the last pillar in Table 3