What helps ensure the survival of a species?

Genetic variation. That is this variation that is the significance of evolution. Without genetic differences amongst individuals, "survival of the fittest" would not be likely. Either every survive, or all perish.

You are watching: How does crossing over introduce variation in meiosis?

api/deki/files/18054/517px-Chromosomal_Recombination.svg.png?revision=1&size=bestfit&width=409&height=264" />Figure \(\PageIndex2\):​​​​​ ​​Crossing-over. A maternal strand of DNA is shown in red. A head strand the DNA is presented in blue. Crossing over produces 2 chromosomes that have actually not previously existed. The process of recombination involves the breakage and rejoining that parental chromosomes (M, F). This results in the generation the novel chromosomes (C1, C2) the share DNA native both parents.

During prophase I, chromosomes condense and become visible inside the nucleus. Together the nuclear envelope begins to rest down, homologous chromosomes relocate closer together. The synaptonemal complex, a lattice the proteins in between the homologous chromosomes, develops at certain locations, spreading to cover the whole length of the chromosomes. The chop pairing the the homologous chromosomes is dubbed synapsis. In synapsis, the gene on the chromatids the the homologous chromosomes are aligned with each other. The synaptonemal complicated also supports the exchange the chromosomal segments between non-sister homologous chromatids in a process called cross over. The crossover occasions are the very first source of hereditary variation created by meiosis. A single crossover event in between homologous non-sister chromatids leads to an exchange that DNA in between chromosomes. Adhering to crossover, the synaptonemal facility breaks down and also the cohesin connection between homologous bag is likewise removed. At the end of prophase I, the pairs are held together just at the chiasmata; lock are dubbed tetrads since the 4 sister chromatids of each pair of homologous chromosomes are now visible.

See more: How Much Do Round Bales Weigh ? How Much Does A Bale Of Hay Weigh

non sister chromatids the tetrad exchanged their genetic materialhow does crossing over introduce variation in meiosis?