No issue which nation you are traveling to, everyone appreciates travelers who understand a small bit that the local language.
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When visiting India, knowing also just a few phrases in Hindi can make traveling easier and also can also cause the locals to act an ext warmly in the direction of you.
In this article, we will discuss some basic information about the Hindi language and teach you just how to say hello, goodbye, and some other useful phrases.
What is Hindi?
Hindi is one Indo-European language the stems native Sanskrit and has also been substantially influenced by Persian and also Arabic.
India is a very diverse nation with countless cultures and also languages, however Hindi is among the country"s main languages and the many widely spoken. Over 60% of indians understand and speak Hindi.
Hindi is talked widely in north India and also is the first language of most human being living in the adhering to areas:
The remainder of north India also speaks and understands Hindi yet most world will speak it together their second language. South Indians room the the very least likely to speak and understand Hindi.
If you are traveling on a golden Triangle tour, you will certainly visit the cities of Delhi, Agra, and Jaipur every one of which speak Hindi together their very first language.
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Learning Hindi before You Travel
three Indian boys Smiling at the Camera
Learning Hindi is something the is NOT necessary for travelers. Most human being in India, especially those in the tourism industry, have the right to understand and speak English an extremely well.
However, if girlfriend do learn a couple of phrases in Hindi, you might impress the locals and even get much better deals indigenous vendors.
That being said:
It is not useful for travelers to discover Hindi basics and also grammar rule before arriving in India. Instead, a an excellent way to start is to memorize certain crucial phrases the you can practice throughout your trip.
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How to Say Hello in Hindi
Hello in Hindi
There are many different means to say hello in Hindi ranging from the very formal to the really informal. It"s ideal if you choose a few to practice throughout your travels.
Basic HelloNamaste (pronounced: nam-as-stay)
This is the traditional way of speak hello and goodbye in Hindi. Namaste have the right to be offered at any type of time that the day. You may also hear some civilization say namaskar (nam-as-scar) which can be offered interchangeably v namaste.
One crucial thing to note is that namaste is a very respectful and also formal method of saying hello. Today many young people in India will simply use the English salutations and save namaste for elders or highly respected individuals.
The greeting namaste is traditionally claimed with your hands together in front of your chest and a slim bow to present respect. If you master this, the locals will certainly think girlfriend are very polite.
Namaste is formal way of saying hello
Hello, my surname is _______.Namaste, mera nam _______ hai. (pronounced: Nam-as-tay me-ra nam _______ hey)
This phrase is certain to impress anyone you meet and also is a an excellent way to introduce yourself at a hotel front desk or come a neighborhood you would favor to start a conversation with.
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Good MorningSuprabhat (pronounced: soop-ra-bhat)
Suprabhat is the classic Hindi method to say good morning.
This word can be a little an overwhelming to pronounce since it has actually the "bh" sound i m sorry is uncommon in English. This sound is express by beginning to to speak the "buh" sound and also then pushing much more air the end to do a "huh" sound immediately afterward.
Good AfternoonSubha dina (pronounced: soob-ha dee-na)
This is the traditional method to say good afternoon. Many world will additionally use namaste because that this greeting.
How are you?Aap kaisey ho (pronounced: ahp kay-say ho)
This is a nice way to informally greet someone you have met a couple of times if still staying respectful and also showing interest in the person"s well-being.
If you room interested in chatting much more with the locals then this is a great phrase to get you started.
What"s up?Kya chal raha hai (pronounced: kee-ya chal ra-ha hey)
This is a more contemporary and informal method to greet someone and also ask what is walking on in their lives. This is a good way to greet friends, close family members, or people comparable in period to you.
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How to Say goodbye in Hindi
After discovering some means to to speak hello, ours next essential step is learning just how to say goodbye.
In an ext formal setups the native namaste v hands urgent in prior of you and also a slim bow can be used to to speak goodbye, however there are likewise a couple of other methods you can practice.
Indian guys say goodbye, wave goodbye, goodbye in Hindi is Alvida or namaste
Alvida (pronounced: Al-vee-duh)
This is a common means to to speak goodbye especially if you will certainly not see the other human again because that a long time or probably ever. This word is borrowed from Urdu, Hindi"s sisters language, and also is formal and also serious-sounding.
In informal settings or when saying goodbye just for a brief time, many Indians will usage English unit volume such together "bye" or "see you".
See girlfriend LaterPhir milenge (pronounced: fur mil-ang-ay)
This is an expression that deserve to be offered for every occasions specifically for unshened partings between friends or acquaintances.
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How come Buy points in Hindi
The situation that travelers use Hindi the many is when shopping in regional markets and buying souvenirs. In every stores wherein prices room not composed on items, it is perfectly acceptable to barter and also the seller will likely quote a high price initially to check out if you will pay it.
How lot is this?Yah kitne hai (pronounced: yay kit-na hey)
This phrase is best expressed once holding things or pointing to things in the store. But be prepared! If girlfriend ask, you are entering right into a bartering session so it"s a an excellent idea to only ask the price on item you are honestly thinking of buying.
If the price they give is also expensive, a good bartering tactic is come walk away or placed the item down.
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Too expensiveBahut mahanga hai (pronounced: ba-huat may-hen-ga hey)
Most Indian sellers will know the English indigenous "expensive", but it is still funny to say it in Hindi and shot to display them that you recognize a little bit about the local society and can"t be so quickly fooled.
I"ll take it itDijiye (pronounced: dee-gee-yay)
This word equates literally to "give" in English and is generally said when you have accepted the price and also would choose to purchase the item.
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Other essential Phrases to know in Hindi
YesHaa (pronounced: ha v an elongated ah noise in ~ the end)
NoNah hello (pronounced: nah-hee)
orNaa (pronounced: nah with an elongated ah sound at the end)
PleaseKripaya (pronounced: crip-ee-ya)
This is a an excellent word to usage to sound polite works very well once traveling in landscape India. Friend can add kripaya come the start of her English sentences once asking because that directions or details to sound respectful.
Thank YouShukriya (pronounced: shu-cree-ya)
orDhanyavaad (pronounced: dhun-yuh-vad)
Dhanyavaad is the much more formal native for thank you. This expression is taken directly from the ancient Sanskrit language and is not frequently used.
The much more common indigenous for say thanks to you is shukriya i beg your pardon is considered more colloquial and is additionally easier to express for English speakers.
to speak Shukriya to offer you a help
Excuse me/I"m sorryMaaf keejiye (pronounced: maf kee-gee-yay)
India has a lot of people so if you room taking public transportation or walking on a busy street, you could find you yourself needing the word "excuse me". However, in Hindi, there is no direct translation because that this English phrase.
Instead, people are most likely to say "I"m sorry" together they push past which in Hindi is maaf keejiye. This phrase can likewise be offered if you need to interrupt someone or obtain their fist to questioning a question.
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Being Polite with Honorifics in Hindi
In Indian culture, there is a huge emphasis top top respect and formality. Because of this, Hindi consists of a the majority of honorifics or titles the are provided to display respect to someone based upon their societal place or age.
When speak Hindi come someone who is older 보다 you or of higher social standing, that is taken into consideration rude to usage their first name. Instead, there room a couple of different honorifics that have the right to be supplied in different situations.
One honorific that you will certainly hear many when visiting India is the word ji (pronounced favor the English letter "G"). Ji deserve to be supplied for human being of both genders and is placed at the end of someone"s name to show your respect for the person.
For example, Gandhi, the famed Indian political activist, is frequently referred to as Gandhiji by Indians.
Auntie and also Uncle
For countless occasions, ji have the right to sound too respectful and also formal. If you want to refer to someone that is older than you, you have the right to use the terms "auntie" or "uncle". Indians will often refer to ladies middle-aged and older as aunties and men of the same age as uncles.
Bhaiya and also Didi
If the person is close to the same period as you yet still a tiny older or the a higher social standing then you have the right to use the terms brother or sister i beg your pardon in Hindi are bhaiya (pronounced favor by-ya) for elder brother and also didi (pronounced prefer deedee) because that elder sister.
What other Languages are talked in India?
Hindi is the many widely talked language in India and almost every human being in the nation learns Hindi in school, however, due to the fact that India is such a diverse nation most states also have their very own languages. For example, in the state the Assam, most world speak Assamese and in the state that Bengal, most human being speak Bengali.
Even despite every state has its own language, travelers speaking Hindi will be easily interpreted in most of phibìc India.
But south India is a various story.
There is a large cultural divide in between North and South India and also some the the southern states do not believe that they should have to learn Hindi as it is not the language of their ancestors. Therefore, many southern Indians do not speak Hindi or learn it in school.
Luckily, in this states, English is spoken very fluently. Most travelers have few issues when connecting with English in south India.
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