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Mr. Giotto"s virtual Textbook » old Greece » The Minoan Civilization

The Minoan CivilizationAncient Aegean Bronze age Civilization

The Minoan world thrived on the island of Crete,and the smaller sized islands in the vicinity the Crete, choose the island the Thera come the north. The Englisharchaeologist, teacher Arthur Evans,named the world after the legendary Cretan king, Minos, that was said to have actually kept amonster, referred to as the Minotaur, in a complicated maze, dubbed the Labyrinth, underhis royal residence at Knossos.The Minoans space not Greek, yet they are part of the Greek history.By trading v the early on Greeks, the Minoansspread your ideas and art to the Greek mainland.

You are watching: How do we know that the minoans were a peaceful society?

Crete is situated in the Mediterranean Sea, v the AegeanSea ~ above its northern shore. Crete is sometimes referred to as the, "stepping rock to the continents," because it is situated within reach of Europe, Asia, and Africa by boat. Indeed, us have evidence that the Minoans traded with ancient people on all 3 continents. The Minoans had actually a surplus of olive oil, which lock traded for Egyptian gold, copper from the adjacent island the Cyprus, and tin indigenous Turkey and Afghanistan. The Minoans to be not just farmers the olives, however fine craftsmen, making piece of jewelry, pottery, sealsand figurines. Their bronze work places this human being in the copper Age.


At the elevation of their civilization, in between 2,000-1400 BC, the Minoansdevelopeda palace-centered civilization. The Minoan cities of Knossos and Phaistos space two instances of royal residence cities. Palaces acted together the financial and spiritual centers of the island. Palaces were large and 3 to 5 stories tall. Interestingly, there to be no defensive walls roughly palaces. The Minoans must have actually lived in tranquility on the island and also relied ~ above the sea and also a marine for security from outsiders.

Akrotiri was the large settlement top top Thera. Top top Thera, a huge volcanic explosion could have led to the ending of the Minoancivilization. It additionally preserved the Minoan city of Akrotiri by covering it through volcanic ash, developing a type of Minoan time capsule. Some world think that Thera wasPlato's Atlantis, one advancedcivilization that the Greek theorist talked about being, "swallowed by the sea."The Minoans had a high standard of living, and it mirrors in the damages ofthe beautiful palaces and also homes.

The Minoans had actually at least two different writing systems. Theearlier is hieroglyphic, similar, but not the exact same as the Egyptian writing system. One example that has survived is the Phaistos Disc, uncovered in the damages of the city of Phaistos. Thelater device of writing is dubbed Linear A. Straight A is created on clay tablet computers along lines, prefer our writing. Together of now, no one has actually deciphered the secret Phaistos bowl or direct A, therefore the Minoan language stays a secret. One other script, dubbed Linear Bwas additionally found on the island the Crete. We willlearn much more about direct B in the following online chapter.


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Bull Leaping, bronze figurine. Minoan bronze did no have enough tin, which made the spreading weak. You can see whereby boththe jumpers, and also the bull's legs, have snapped off.

Without a written history, what we know around the Minoans originates from the artifacts and also frescoes that have survived v the years. Frescoes indicate that men and women attended meetings and also parties together; this argues that women took pleasure in equal social status to men. If this is true, the Minoans were far ahead of their time. The artwork additionally tells us that the Minoans took pleasure in spectator sports. Both men and women attended and performed in this sporting events. The most popular, and also intriguing, is bull leaping.

The Minoan religious beliefs seems to be centered roughly a goddess, as many comparable goddess figurines are found throughout Crete.She is occasionally referred to as the snake goddess, becauseher figurineis holding two snakes in she outstretched arms. The bull seems to be important to the Minoan culture. Bulls were originally brought to the island by people. The palaces that the Minoans have many carvings that the bull's horns. Another feasible religious item is a double-sided axe,we callthe labrys. there is discussion as to why this progressed civilization disappeared. Clearly there were natural disasters, including earthquakes and also the volcanic explosion on Thera, which brought about a tsunami that hit the north shore the Crete, however the civilization, though weakened,recovered. The invasion of the Mycenaeans, a warrior people and the very first Greeks, appears to have ended the Minoan civilization. We will certainly learn more about the Mycenaeans in the following online chapter.


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Minoan craftsmen were specifically skilled at the arts of seal engraving. Though small, Minoan seal stones often display scenes that space both beautiful carved and also an insight into this ancient culture. - brothers Museum
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This terracotta coffin originates from a so late Minoan cemetery. The cemetery lay come the north of the city that surrounded the royal residence at Knossos. Minoan burials were placed in tombs and were typically made in coffins that were either shaped choose bathtubs or chests. - british Museum
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This Minoan Fresco is referred to as "The Blue Dolpins." Minoan arts was regularly centered approximately nature, and particularly, the sea.

See more: Which Of The Following Luminosity Classes Refers To Stars On The Main Sequence?


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