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Mr. Giotto"s virtual Textbook » The Middle ages » Emperor Justinian and also the oriental Empire

Emperor Justinian and the byzantine Empire

The byzantine Empire

The oriental Empire was another name because that the surviving eastern half of the roman inn Empire. Together you review ina previouschapter, the weaker western fifty percent of the roman inn Empire, consisting of the city that Rome, fell to barbarian invaders. What to be left that the Roman empire was ruled by the emperor in Constantinople. TheByzantine realm survived for one more 1,000 years, ultimately falling to the ottoman Turks in 1453.

You are watching: How did justinian unite the byzantine empire

The city that Constantinople, constructed on a peninsula surrounding by three bodies the water: the Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, and also the gold Horn. Notice the stole chain, calleda boom,across the gold Horn, it prevented adversary ships from sailing into that area.

Although the human being of the byzantine Empire considered themselves Roman, the east was affected by Greek culture, quite than the Latinof the West. World spoke Greek and wore Greek-styled clothing. The emperors and also empresses wore beautiful silk and purple-dyed clothing, with expensive slippers. The byzantine Empire wasinfluenced bythe Hellenistic culture created by the conquests of Alexander the Great. Learning and trade grew in the byzantine Empire. Together you review in a vault chapter, Emperor Constantine finished the persecution of Christians, and Emperor Theodosius do Christianity the official state religious beliefs of the roman Empire.Christianityhad a major influence on the oriental Empire. Oriental art featured beautiful mosaics the Christian themes.

Mosaics space made from pieces of glass or rock and glued together. The room most frequently found on the floor or ceiling.

Emperor Justinian

Onefamous byzantine Emperor to be Justinian I. Justinian ruled from AD527 to 565. Justinian created a collection of laws dubbed the Justinian Code. This code stated that the emperor made every one of the laws and also interpreted the laws as well.The Justinian code was legislation throughout the empire. Manyof our modern-day laws have the right to be traced back to the Justinian Code.

Justinian had a score of re-uniting the roman inn Empire. He sent out militaries to fight the barbarians who had actually taken control in the West. Justinian's Roman armies were very successful, taking earlier parts the Africa and also most of Italy.

top top these 2 maps, you deserve to see the conquests of the Byzantine militaries during the power of Emperor Justinian. Belisarius was the commander that led these armies in an attempt to win ago the old Western roman Empire.

The war initiative to take earlier the western part of the empire forced Justinian to raise count on the people of the byzantine Empire. The roman citizens to be angry through Justinian about the high taxes because that the battle effort, and he was ending up being unpopular. Even an ext unpopular to be Empress Theodora, Justinian's wife, since she was initially a circus performer and also came indigenous the lower class of Romans. "Who to be this woman, who had such manage over the decisions ofher husband?" They assumed to themselves. Not one to take a back seat to she husband, Theodoraproposedlaws thatprotected the civil liberties of women in the empire.

The Byzantines, favor the oldRomans in the West, delighted in chariot gyeongju at the hippodrome, a large oval stadium designed because that races. Like our modern-day sports, the Byzantines had actually teams castle supported. The oriental chariot teams were named after colors: The Blues, Reds, Greens, and Whites. After a race, riots would, in ~ times, an outbreak in the stands and also overflowinto streets, as the fans got into arguments. During Justinian's reign, the Blues and Greens were the leading teams.

After a details riot, a pan of the Blues and also a pan of the Greenswere arrested. Justinian, noticing how unhappy civilization were through him, made decision to totally free these two people and also hold a chariot gyeongju on January 13, 532. During the race,fans gained out the control, and also started to scream insults in ~ the emperor. Rather than cheering for their teams, fans of both the Greens and Blues shouted Nika, meaning win or conquer. Next, the fans stormed Justinian's deluxe box, which was linked tohis palace grounds. Justinian fled to the royal residence as the Nika Riot flood out right into the streets. The royal residence was under siege as most of the city, consisting of the church called the Hagia Sophia (Church of divine Wisdom), was destroyed.

A prisoner in his very own palace, Justinian made decision to plank a ship and also sail away from Constantinople, stepping down as emperor, but saving his life. As he began to leave, the looked behind that to discover his wife, Theodora, stubbornly refusing. "I would quite die one empress, than live ~ above the run, and besides, purple renders a wonderful funeral veil," she said. Seeing his wife's courage, Justinian made decision to stay. The riot was controlled, and also Justinian continued to ascendancy the oriental Empire.

Justinian set out to rebuild the city ~ the the Nika Riots. Justinian rebuilt the Hagia Sophia, which, after ~ the rebuilding, had actually the largest dome in the world. The building is still standing today, although it is now a mosque, because the overcoming Ottoman Turks were Muslim.

The Hagia Sophia, rebuilt, v its cool dome, by Justinian, who you have the right to see with Theodora in the insert.

(Here is the melody of the song "Norwegian Wood," thelyrics describe the life the Empress Theodora.Amy Burvall, and also Herb Mahelona, aretwo teachers from Hawaii that create short videos to help their students mental highlights of history topics.)

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The kind of Christianity exercised in Byzantiumwas called Eastern Orthodox. Eastern Orthodox Christianity is still exercised today.The head of theEastern OrthodoxChurchis called the Patriarch the Constantinople. There were also men referred to as bishops in the significant citiesof the Empire. In the oriental Empire,emperors had power over the church, becausethey selected the patriarch. Even though eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic room both Christian, they had arguments and also even battles versus each other. The pope, the spirituality leaderin Rome and also the Catholics in the West, and also the patriarch the Constantinople walk not always agree.

The byzantine emperor to be never entirely safe. Unlikethe barbaric kingdoms of the west, whereby the throne to be passed from dad to son,there was never a clear heat of sequence in the East. This was dubbed the "Malady that the Purple," because any type of one through power could seize the throne in the oriental Empire. Over there were constantly plots to overthrow the emperor and much politics intrigue in Constantinople, even amongst family and relatives.

In672 the Byzantines rolled the end a brand-new weapon called Greek Fire. This fire to be thrown in ~ the enemy and also could no be extinguished, not also by water. The human being who is given creditfor the development of Greek Fire is Kallinikos, a Syrian living in the oriental Empire. Greek Fire was used against the attacking Muslim fleets. The formula because that Greek Fire was a secret, and also perhaps eventhe queens did not knowits ingredients. Greek fire to be thrown in glass containers and also propelled by a pump. Greek Fire has been lost to history, and no one is absolutely sure exactly how to make it today. Greek Fire helped to save the byzantine Empire and also Christianity for several hundred years. Constantinople finally dropped to the cannons of the Turks in 1453. The walls of Constantinople fell down, butthe society and principles of the byzantine Empire relocated to the Christian West, developing a brand-new interest inclassic Greek and Romanideas, dubbed the Renaissance.

Greek Fire, sometimes dubbed Roman Fire, is gift thrown at opponent ships in this Middle periods manuscript.

In the next chapter we will read around Islam and also its founder Muhammad, a religionand empirethat come in conflict with the Byzantines in the East and also the barbaric kingdoms in the West.

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