*
Alexander the an excellent was so impressed by the Indian use of elephants in battle, the he immediately enlisted them right into his army. Elephants were particularly effective against horses, which would frequently bolt far in fear at the presence of the huge beasts.

You are watching: How did alexander the great spread greek culture


Was Alexander the an excellent really great?

A great conqueror, in 13 brief years the amassed the largest empire in the entire ancient world — an empire that extended 3,000 miles. And he go this without the benefit of contemporary technology and also weaponry. In his day, troop motions were generally on foot, and communications were challenge to face. Not negative for a boy who ended up being the King that Macedon in ~ the period of 20.

Many of Alexander"s achievements were made possible by his father, Philip of Macedon. Macedon, i beg your pardon existed about where the contemporary country that Macedonia lies today, to be a kingdom located that put geographically phibìc of the Greek city-states.

In 338 B.C.E., King Philip of Macedon invaded and also conquered the Greek city-states. Philip took advantage of the reality that the Greek city-states were divided by year of squabbling and infighting. Philip succeeded in act what year of fighting between city-states had not done. He unified Greece.


*

Conquering the World

Philip"s following goal was to loss Greece"s age-old enemy to the east: Persia. For years, the massive Persian realm threatened the very existence the the Greek way of life. But prior to he to be able to pursue his second goal, Philip to be assassinated.


*
This map mirrors Alexander the Great"s huge empire and also the path he took to overcome it.

When his son, Alexander, take it the throne in 336 B.C.E., he vowed to complete the to plan of his father. In 334 B.C.E., Alexander attacked Persia, i m sorry lay across the Aegean Sea in Asia minor (modern-day Turkey).

After 3 grueling years of warfare and also three decisive battles, Alexander smashed the Persian armies at the Tigris River and also conquered the mighty Persian Empire, consisting of the legend city of Babylon. For many Greeks, this victory significant a moment of sweet revenge against a bitterness foe.


*

At this point, in ~ the period of 25, Alexander rule an expansive empire. Nevertheless, his ambitions were no satisfied. While fighting the Persians, Alexander dominated Egypt and also founded a city in ~ the mouth that the Nile River. This city, which he named Alexandria after ~ himself, came to be a cosmopolitan, diverse, bustling facility of trade, the arts, and ideas.

But Alexander was no done. He ongoing his campaign, driving furthermore east, till he got to India and also the Indus flow in 326 B.C.E. At this point, his exhausted troops refused to hit further. They told Alexander the a truly an excellent leader knows when it is time to prevent fighting.

Without the assistance of his army, Alexander had no an option but to turn earlier and begin consolidating and organizing his far-flung empire. ~ above his way home, Alexander passed away from condition in 323 B.C.E.


*
Though he to be an unquestionably skilled and highly respected army leader, Alexander the good was fear by those around him for his paranoia and also dangerous temper.

Alexander in Hindsight

Alexander the Great"s heritage is both far reaching and also profound. First, his father had the ability to unite the Greek city-states, and also Alexander damaged the Persian empire forever. More importantly, Alexander"s conquests spread Greek culture, likewise known together Hellenism, throughout his empire.

In fact, Alexander"s reign marked the start of a new era well-known as the Hellenistic Age because of the powerful influence that Greek society had on other people. There is no Alexander"s ambition, Greek principles and culture might well have remained confined to Greece.

Many chroniclers see Alexander the an excellent in a various light. Return Alexander to be both intelligent and also handsome, he likewise had a darker side. He possessed a ferocious temper and also from time to time would certainly arbitrarily killing close advisors and even friends. Also, toward the finish of his numerous campaigns, that senselessly slaughtered thousands whose only crime was being in his way.

Was Alexander the an excellent really great?
*

Alexander the Great"s Website
This website offers a wealth of information on Alexander the Great. Essays, maps, timelines, and images abound. Search the save by keyword, or browse the paragraphs to find what you"re spring for.

See more: Is It Legal To Weld A Truck Frame, Is It Illegal To Weld A Car Frame

Report damaged link


Alexander the Great
Alexander the an excellent knew Homer"s Iliad by heart and slept through a copy of that under his pillow every night. He embraced the hero Achilles as his role model, that Alexander declared was an ancestor of his. This amazing fact around Alexander is only one of countless that you will find on this extensive webpage, which includes tons the pictures and also links to related websites.

Report broken link


If you like our content, please share it on social media!

*
*

Tweet
*
*
*

Tweet