Locating attributes Using the United states Public land Survey system (Township and Range) and Google EarthTM

Section: The basic unit of the system, a square item of land one mile by one mile comprise 640 acres.

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Township: 36 sections i ordered it in a 6 through 6 square, measure 6 mile by 6 miles. Sections room numbered beginning with the northeast-most ar (#1), proceeding west to 6, then south along the west leaf of the township and also to the east (#36 is in the SE corner).
Range: Assigned to a township by measuring eastern or west the a primary Meridian
Range Lines: The phibìc to south lines which note township boundaries.
Township Lines: The eastern to west lines which mark township boundaries.
Principal Meridian: The reference or beginning suggest for measuring east or west ranges. Map that meridians & base lines from the BLM net server
Base line: referral or beginning point for measuring phibìc or south townships.

Understanding soil Descriptions We"ll begin with the largest grouping, the township. The location of a specific township is given using the ax of "township and range". The township is called in referral to a major Meridian and also a Baseline. Below is an example, T.2N., R.1E. The T.2N. Describes Township 2 north (of the Baseline), and also the R.1E. Advert to selection 1 eastern (of the principal Meridian).

Next, each township is divided into 36 sections. Each ar is one mile square and contains 640 acres. The sections space numbered native 1 come 36 in the order presented in the chart to the left (see the yellow squares which display a "complete" township). The other colored squares stand for "incomplete" townships.

Within every section, the soil is described as half and 4 minutes 1 sections. A one-sixteenth department is dubbed a quarter of a quarter, as in the NW1/4 the the NW1/4. The explanation are read from the smallest division to the largest.


ONE section = 640 acres

A ar is additionally broken down right into acres. Sample descriptions room in the ( )s.
A full section has 640 Acres.
A fifty percent section (S1/2) consists of 320 Acres.
A quarter section (NE1/4) contains 160 Acres.
An eighth ar (N1/2 that NW1/4) contains 80 Acres.
A sixteen section (SW1/4 the NW1/4) includes 40 Acres.
Locating a ar Using USPLS soil Descriptions A land summary generally starts v the smallest part of the description and also proceeds come the biggest definition. Because that example, NW1/4 the NE1/4 of ar 8, T.2N., R.1E. Would certainly be the northwest 4 minutes 1 of the northeast 4 minutes 1 of section 8 in township 3 north and variety 2 east. To situate a function on the landscape utilizing a floor description, you have to work from the largest component to the the smallest part.


Step 1
As discussed above, to find a function of interest, you should locate the largest part using the township and selection supplied in the description first. In this case T.2N., R.1E. Mental the T.2N. Describes Township 2 north (of the Baseline), and the R.1E. Ad to selection 1 eastern (of the major Meridian).
Step 2 ~ you have located the exactly township, you will next require to find the correct section within that township. Utilizing the instance given above the land description states ar 8, T.2N., R.1E. Therefore you would certainly look in the township discovered in step 1 for ar 8.


Step 3 currently that you have located the correct section you need to uncover where in this ar your land attribute is located. Our example says NW1/4 the NE1/4 of section 8, T.2N., R.1E. So friend would first look in section 8 for the NE1/4 the the ar (shown as orange in the graph to the left.) ~ locating the NE1/4 the the section your last action will it is in to discover the NW1/4 of the NE1/4 (shown in aqua in the chart to the left.) The well is usually located in ~ or close to the center of the last unit given.

Let"s look at an instance using Google EarthTM in Arizona

The image listed below shows the townships surrounding the intersection the the primary Meridian and the Baseline (the township with Avondale and also Tolleson plus the two directly south the them) in the State of Arizona. That theseTownships, the ones labeled T. 1 N. Are in a place one township phibìc of Baseline (which is Baseline Road) and also those labeled T. 1 S. Room one township to the south. Variety values labeled with a "W" are one township west of the principal Meridian and those through an "E" space one to the east. I have actually also significant the center of township T. 1 S., R. 2 W. (one township southern of Baseline and two townships west that the principal Meridian). We will zoom in top top the township include Tolleson in the next picture below.


Next we watch the township T. 1 N., R. 1 E. Together with the 36 sections the makeup the township itself. Note the number is numbered system. Section 1 is in the excessive NE corner of the township and also we number them moving west. Drop under a row and continue numbering moving east. Store numbering in this fashion till we with the critical section, number 36, found in the excessive SE corner of the township. In an exercise, you space asked to determine if there are any "complete" conference townships. To recognize this, you should see every 36 part in your totality because that the entire township numbered as presented below. If any part of a section or part is missing, climate the township is not complete.

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Now, let"s look in ~ the Glendale Quadrangle through the township overlays displayed. The orange boundaries are the outlines that the townships and the purple boundaries are the outlines for the individual sections. Room there any complete townships ~ above the Glendale Quadrangle? Look in ~ it before you check out the answer...No, there aren"t any type of complete townships. How many incomplete townships space there? counting them before you check out the answer...There are 4 incomplete townships ~ above the Glendale map. Once you have to do this ~ above the Folsom, NM quadrangle, you will must survey (carefully look over) the map and determine if there is a finish township top top the map. Given the size of a township relative to a 1:24,000 map (scale the Folsom, NM quad is the exact same as the for Glendale below), the is unlikely the there would be an ext than one finish congressional township on the map area. As soon as you"ve done that, you must count how many incomplete townships there are. Be careful that you perform not count the sections. Township T. 3 N., R. 1 E. Is highlighed v a more thickness orange outline (upper left township). Any kind of object of attention (school, house, business, etc) inside this box would have a USPLS designation that T. 3 N., R. 1 E. The City the Glendale would certainly be in T. 2 N., R. 2 E. To check out the divisions in between the townships, we need to zoom in come the edges of the map area and also look for the red text. The image below this large map reflects an enlargement of such a department along the top edge the the map (where the orange township border intersects the map edge). See listed below where the orange line separates R. 1 E. Native R. 2 E.