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You are watching: Confucianism daoism and legalism compare and contrast


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Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism all arised in China during the Warring States period (475-221 B.C.), a time that feudalism once today"s China existed together seven different states that were often in conflict with every other. That the 3 philosophies, Confucianism and Legalism to be both greatly tied into leadership and also government...


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Confucianism, Daoism, and also Legalism all arised in China during the Warring States period (475-221 B.C.), a time that feudalism when today"s China existed as seven various states the were frequently in dispute with every other. That the 3 philosophies, Confucianism and Legalism to be both greatly tied right into leadership and also government and differed vastly in what they taken into consideration effective leadership.

Confucianism was based on a moral responsibility to filial piety and also a respect because that one"s elders, rules, and also traditions. That upheld the id that to dominion well, one had actually to set a positive examples for one"s topics or inferiors. This expected being kind, fair, and also merciful. According to Confucianism, civilization are generally good, and being good and wise will beget goodness and wisdom. This philosophy was also really much came to with education and learning, believing the in order to it is in a good leader, one had to be a well-rounded thinker.

Legalism, on the various other hand, was a harsh philosophy, believing that human being were typically base and also greedy, and the best method to keep civilization in order and deter crime was to inflict hefty punishment on those that stepped out of line. Legalism promoted and facilitated authoritative creates of government, inside a solitary family or ruler had actually absolute strength over a community and could dictate punishments, rewards, and social responsibilities as castle wished, thereby maintaining peasants busy, in line, and also in fear.

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Daoism, top top the various other hand, was much less involved with develops of leadership, and much more concerned with lack of leadership. The often-quoted "be favor water," and the idea of the route of least resistance, come native Daoist thought and also practices. Daoists believed that to accomplish order in society, civilization must prevent conflict, avoid obtaining knowledge, avoid disagreement, and also avoid exhilaration in any means that defies nature. Instead, they need to strive to achieve harmony with the dao, or "the way," i beg your pardon is the organic order of the natural world. The is a passive philosophy that supporters finding harmony through the universe v inaction.